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时间:2021-01-20 07:43  编辑:wendj

【中考英语1600词汇总详解】

A

a (an) art. 一个,某个,任何一个

用法:不定冠词的常见用法:1)第一次提到,表示泛指。

例如:Millie has ___e-dog and its name is Hobo. ( 南京市)

A. a

B. an

C. the

D. /

题解:因为a用于辅音音素开始的名词前, an用于元音音素开始的名词前,本题中e-dog以元音音素[ I :]开始,而且是泛指,故选B。

It is said that ___ apple ___day keeps the doctor away .(福建莆田市)

A. an;the

B. a;a

C. an;a

D. a; the

题解:根据题意“一天一个苹果医生远离我”可知apple和day都是泛指,且apple以元音音素开始,day以辅音音素开始,故选C。

2)含有数量―一‖的概念,但是不如one 强烈。

ability n. 能力;才干;才能

短语:1. a man of ability 有能力的人2. the ability to do sth 做某事的能力

able adj. 有才干的;聪颖的短语:1. be able to do sth有能力做某事

about prep. 对于,关于;大约;在….周围;

短语:1. be about to 即将e.g. We were about to go when it suddenly rained. 我们正要出发,突然天下雨了。

2. What/How about…?

above prep. adj. 在…之上;超过;大于,多于; 上面的;

短语:1.above all 最重要的e.g. Above all, the work must be finished before nine by ourselves.

最重要的是工作必须在九点之前由我们自己独立完成。

注意:above的反义词为below

abroad adv. 在外国;广泛地;传播

短语 1. from abroad 从国外,从海外His parents has just come back from abroad.他的父母刚刚从海外回来,我们去看望他们吧。

2. go abroad 出国

accept v.接受;赞同;欢迎;听从

近义词辨析:accept 和receiveaccept 是―接受、认可―的意思,是收到并接受;receive 有‖收到―的意思,但不一定接受。

e.g. I received a lot of gifts on my birthday, but I didn‘t accept any.生日那天我收到许多礼物,但是我并没有收下任何礼物。accident n. 事故;偶然

短语:1.by accident意外地,偶然地 2.a traffic accident 交通事故

according to prep. 根据…;依照

achieve v. 实现;达到;完成

across prep.在…对面

近义词辨析:across 和through

across表示―横过,穿过‖;着重指从路线或物体表面的一边到另一边(表面)。e.g.across the street;横过马路。through ―穿过,从……中间通过‖;着重指从空间的一头穿到另一头(内部)。e.g. through the forest. 穿过森林。act n. & v. 行为;举动;假装;

短语:1.act as担任(起...作用) 词性转换: actor/actress n.男演员/女演员

action n. 行动;有能量;行为;

e.g.We must take action right now, otherwise we‘ll be late 我们现在就得采取行动了,否则就迟到了。

active adj. 积极的;短语:1. take an active part in : 积极参加

I don‘t think everyone shou ld take an active part in the social activities.我认为并不是所有的人都应该积极参与到社会活动中去。activity n. 活动;工作;职业

add v. 添加;增加;合计;相当于

短语:1. add to; 2.add up 3.add up to 4.add…to…

address n. 地址;住址;演说;讲话advantage n. 优点;利益

advertisement (ad) n.公告;启事;广告ad.广告(advertisement的缩写)此单词常在阅读理解中出现。

e.g. Have you read the want ad in the newspaper?你看过报纸上的招聘广告吗?

e.g. Put an advertisement in the newspaper advice n. 建义,劝告;信息

1.a piece of advice一条建

2.ask for advice 寻求建议

3.give advice提建议

4.take/follow one‘s advice接受、劝告、建议;主要掌握此单词是不可数名词。

例如:Could you please give me ___ ?

A. any advice

B. some advice

C. no advice

D. some advices

题解:题意为“你能给我一些建议吗?”是想得到肯定回答,故用some 表示“一些”而不用“any ”, 又因为advice 是不可数名词,故选B。

advise v.给…出主意;建议;通知短语: 1.advise sb to do sth 建议某人做某事

afraid adj. 惊慌的;恐怕短语:1.be afraid of 害怕

e.g. Don‘t be afraid of asking for help from others.不要害怕向别人求助。

2.‘m afraid so. /I‘m afraid not. /I‘m afraid that….

after adv., prep & conj. 在…之后;晚于短语:after all 1) 终究,毕竟

e.g. It has turned out to be a nice day after all.天气终于转晴了。

afternoon n. 下午;午后

短语:1. in the afternoon 2. on Monday afternoon 3. on the afternoon of…

again adv. 再一次;加之,此外;

短语:1. again and again 一次又一次地,反复地,再三地

e.g. I called him again and again, but he didn‘t answer the telephone. 我一次又一次地给他打电话,可是他就是不接。

2. now and again 有时e.g. He came to see me now and again. 他过去来看望我。

against prep. 1)对着,反对;e.g. If no one is against this plan, let‘s carry it out.如果没有人反对这个计划,那我们就开始吧。2)靠着,依着:e.g. The policeman asked the young man to stand against the wall.警察命令那个年轻人靠着墙站好。

age n. 年龄;时期;变老;短语:2. at the age of 在…岁时ago adv. 以前;以往;

短语:1. long ago 很久以前,从前:e.g. Long long ago there loved horses. 很久以前,有一位国王,他喜爱马。

2. some time ago 不久前 e.g. Some time ago,I heard he would come to see me. 不久前,我听说他要来看我。

3. a while ago. 刚才e.g. He was here a while ago.他刚才还在这儿。

近义词辨析:ago 和before

ago: 应注意两点:1.用于一般过去时;2. 它所指的时间是从现在算起。

before: 也应该注意两点:1.用于过去完成时;2. 她所指的时间不是从现在算起,而是从过去某一时刻算起。

e.g. A short time before, tall trees had covered the country for many miles around. 在那时不久之前,高大的树木覆盖着方圆数英里。agree v. 意见一致;赞成;适合;

近义词辨析:agree to 和agree with

agree to: 意思是―同意‖,后面接表示计划、安排、意见、条件之类的名词或动词原形,表示愿意协助工作。

e.g. Do you agree to this agreement? 你同意这项协议吗?He didn‘t agree to help us. 他不同意帮助我们。

agree with: 意思是―与……(意见)一致‖后面一般接人,也可接意见、看法等。但不含有协助的意思。

e.g. I don‘t agree with what you said. 我不同意你说的话。I don‘t agree with your idea. 我不同意你的主意。

主要考点为“agree with sb..”

—I think English is more useful than Chinese. —I don’t ___ you. They are both useful. ( 福建福州市)

A. get on with

B. catch up with

C. talk with

D. agree with

题解:显然第二句的回答为“我不同意你的看法”,根据agree with sb.的固定结构知道应选D。其余三项均不符合题意。agreement n.同意;一致;协议

air n. 大气;天空;态度

短语:1. by air 2. in the (open) air,

airline 航线;航空公司

airplane n. 飞机

airport n.机场;航空港

短语:1. at the airport

album n.影集;集邮册;

all adj. & pron.全部的,所有的;

短语:1.all day 整日 2.all kinds of 各种各样的;3.all over 遍布4.all right 行,可以5. all along 一直,始终 6. not at all 7.in all

主要考点为all ,both ,neither ,either等的区别。

例如:Jack, Sue and I will ___go to Sam ’s birthday party.( 北京市东城区)

A.both

B. neither

C. all

D. either

题解:A,B,C都用于“两者”;C用于三者,三者以上;题中主语为“Jack, Sue, and I”三人,故选C。

allow v.准许;允许;给予

短语:1. allow sb to do sth 2.allow doing almost adv. 几乎,差不多;将近

alone adj. 独自的;单独的;仅仅;

近义词辨析:lonely/alone

alone 指―独自一人胡‖,强调客观事实,通常只放在动词、系动词之后,作表语,e.g. He was alone in the room. 他独自一人在屋里。lonely 指―孤单的‖、―孤独的‖,表示主观感觉,在句中作标语或主语。用作定语修饰地方时,

along adv. & prep沿着;向前;共同,一起;短语:1. all along 始终,一直:e.g. I knew the truth of the matter all long. 那件事情的真相我始终是清楚的。

2get along (well) with

aloud adv. 出声地;大声地短语:read aloud

already adv.早已;早;

近义词辨析:already / yet

already: ―已经‖惊讶于某事比预期发生得早,在问句中表示意外、惊讶的程度更强。yet : ―尚(未),已经‖(用于否定句、疑问句中,谈论将要发生的事情)

also adv. 而且;还although conj.虽然;尽管

always adv.永远;总是;经常

America / the USA 美国

American adj.美洲的;美国人

among prep.被…所包围;其中

近义词辨析:among / between 这两个个词都含有―在……中间‖的意思。

among 用于―三者或三者以上之间‖e.g. He built a house among the forest. 他在树林中盖了一间房。

between 则用于―两者之间‖e.g. What is the difference between the two words?这两个词的区别是什么?

and conj.和;及;就

:1. and so on 等等e.g. This book tells about food, fruits, dishes and so on.这本书讲了有关食物、水果、菜肴等等有关的东西。angry adj.生气的;愤怒的;疼痛的短语: 1.be angry with/at/about

animal n.动物;牲畜

another adj. & pron.别的;另一的;

主要考点为“another +数字”表示“再一”例如:If you want to book a round trip ticket, you’l l have to pay ___﹩30.( 安徽)

A. more

B. other

C. the other

D. another

题解:题意为“如果你想买往返车票,你就必须再付30美元。”根据“another+数字”的结构应选D。

answer n. & v. 回答;解决方案;反应短语:1.the answer to

ant n. 蚂蚁;e.g. There are some ants in the tree. 树里有一些蚂蚁。

any pron. & adj每一的;任何一个的. anybody pron. 任何人;重要人物

anyone pron. 任何人

anything pron. 任何事;无论何事anyway adv.不管怎样;无论如何anywhere adv.不管在(到)什么地方

appear v.出现;好像

apple n.苹果;苹果树

April n. 四月

Area面积;地区;范围

arm n.胳臂;袖子

army n.陆军;军队;大量

around prep.围绕;环绕;在…四周

arrive v. 到达;抵达;得出短语: 1.arrive at/in

art n.艺术;艺术品

article n.商品;物品;文章

as adv., conj & prep 作为主句的先行词;同样地;与……一样;

短语:1. as…as…(用于比较)与…一样;e.g. Tom is as tall as his brother. 汤姆和他弟弟一样高。

主要考点为:not as/so …as …和as +副词原级+主语+ can/could结构

I was surprised that she could run ___I could. (武汉市)

A.as faster as

B. so fast than C as fast as

题解:题意为“我很惊讶她能和我跑得一样快。”考查as 的固定结构。故选C。

2. as a result 结果:e.g. He works hard all day, as a result, he got a good mark in his English exam.

3. as if 仿佛,好像:e.g.He talks as if he knew about it. 他说起来好像知道这件事似的。

4.as long as 只要,和……一样长:e.g.You will do well in your English study as /so long as you keep on.

只要坚持下去,你一定能学好英语。

5. as well 也;e.g. My class went to the cinema and I went there as well.

Asia n亚洲

Asian a & n. 亚洲人;亚洲的

ask v. 问;询问;请求;主要考点为ask sb. to do sth

例如:She asked them ____things about. (宁夏回族自治区)

A.not to itter

B. don’t litter

C. not litter

D. no litter

题解:根据题意“她要求他们不要乱扔垃圾。”考查ask…to do…的否定形式ask…not to do…故选A。

短语:1.ask sb to do sth, 2.ask for, asleep adj.睡熟(的);不活跃(的);

1.fall asleep 入睡:e.g.Though it is 12 in the night. I still find it hard to fall asleep.尽管已经是夜里12点钟了,我发现还是很难入睡。词型转换:Sleep/sleeping/sleepy/asleep

at prep.在;在…里;主要用法是一般用于时刻前,小地点前和一些固定结构中。

例如:—When do you usually get up every day?( 吉林省)

—___ about 6: 00 a. m.

A. At

B. On

C. In

D. For

题解:本题考查at用于时刻前的用法。故选A.

Atlantic Ocean n.大西洋

attention n.专心;注意短语:1.pay attention to

August n.八月

aunt n. 姑妈;姨妈;婶母

Australia n.澳大利亚的

autumn n.秋季;短语:1.mid-autumn 中秋 2.in autumn, 3.the mid-autumn festival

available adj.现成的;可用的;自由的

avoid n.避开;逃脱

awake v.醒来;醒悟

away adv. 向…走开;逝去

B

baby n. 婴儿;幼兽;小型

back adv. & n.背部;背骨短语:1.at /on the back of

background n.背景;远景; 出身;个人背景。

e.g. He‘s a lways going on about his working class background.他老是谈论自己出身于工薪阶层家庭。

Without knowing the background the case, I couldn‘t possibly comment. 因为不了解案件的背景情况,我不可能加以评论。

bad ( worse, worst) a 不足的;令人不快的短语:1.be bad for

badly adv.坏;差;非常严重地(worse, worst) bag n.袋;包;囊

ball n.球;

balloon n.玩具气球;气球;

bamboo n.竹;竹竿

banana n.香蕉;香蕉树

bank n.河岸;滩;银行;储蓄所; baseball n棒球; 棒球运动短语:1.play baseball

basic adj.基本的;根本的;初级的;

basket n. .篮;篓;筐

basketball n篮球;.篮球运动

短语:1.play basketball

bathroom n. 浴室;厕所;

be (is,am,are) v.存在;发生;位于

beach n.海滩;沙滩

bear n. 熊;粗鲁的人

beat (beat, beaten) v. & n. 打;击;敲打

例如:Most of us wondered if Wang Nan could ___ Zhang Yining in the final match. (大连市)

A. beat

B. w in

C. hit

D. fail

题解:beat 后接宾语往往是比赛,竞争的对手,即人或球队。题意为:我们中的大多数想知道,在决赛中王楠是否能打败张怡宁。故选A。

beautiful adj美好的;优美的;极好的because conj.因为;由于;辨析:because of (接名词或者名词词组) 因为: e.g. He begs because of poverty, not hunger.

他不是因为饿了,而是因为贫穷才要饭的。because 后接句子。

become v. 成为;变得

bed n.床

bedroom n.寝室;卧室

bee n.蜜峰;工作忙碌的人

beef n. 牛肉;菜牛

before prep. adv. & conj.在…之前;在前;以前;主要考点是它的词性。

例如:“Ladies first”means“Ladies ___ gentlemen.”(山东省)

A. a f t e r

B. near

C. beside

D. before

题解:考查before作介词“在……之前”的用法,其余三项不合题意。

1.before long 不久以后:e.g. Before long ,news came that China lost the game.不久以后传来消息说中国队比赛输了。

2.the day before yesterday :e.g. He went to see his grandmother the day before yesterday.他前天去看望他奶奶了。

3.long before 很久以前。 e.g.She said she had seen the film long before.她说很久以前就看过这部电影。

begin (began, begun) v. 开始;着手;

近义词辨析:begin / start

二者都表示―开始‖后面可以接不定式或动名词,一般可以互换使用。

区别是:1.begin 侧重于时间上一个过程的开始,指迈出第一步、采取第一个行动,与and相对;

2.start 侧重于形态上的开始,通常指由静到动的过程,与stop相对。

beginning n.开端;起点;起源短语:1.at the beginning of 2 begin with

behind prep.在…背后;在……另一面believe 相信;认为;猜想

bell n.铃;钟

below prep.在…下;低于

beside prep 在……旁边;在……附近besides prep. & adv.除……之外;还有:近义词辨析:except / besidesexcept 除……之外;侧重整体除去一部分;e.g. We all knew about the news except Jim.

除了Jim以外,我们都知道这个消息。besides 除……之外(还有),e.g. We all knew about the news besides Jim.

better较好的;更好的(地)主要考点为它的几种固定结构had better (not)do sth. 最好做……/the…the better 越……越好,以及在比较句型中的用法。

例如:Look! How heavy the rain is! You’d better___. (河北省)

A.don’t go now

B. stay here when it stops

C. not leave until it stops

D. not to leave at once

题解:“看!雨下的很大,你最好不要马上就走。”根据题意以及had better not do的用法应该选D。

between prep 在……之间;(两者) beyond prep.在……那边;超出

big adj.大的;巨大的(bigger, biggest); bike =bicycle n自行车;摩托车

bill n.帐单;法案;招贴

bird n. 鸟;禽

birth n.出生;开始;出身

birthday n. 生日;周年纪念日

biscuit n.饼干;素坯瓷

bit n.一小块;少量短语:1.a bit

bitter adj.、有苦味的;强烈的

black adj. & n.黑色的;抑郁的blackboard n. 黑板;

blind adj.瞎的;失明的;盲目的

blood n.血;血液;激情

blow (blew, blown) v吹气;吹走;刮;

短语:1.blow out 吹灭;e.g. Close the windows or the wind blow the light out.把窗户关上,不然风会把灯吹灭。

blue n. & adj. 蓝色;蓝色的;悲伤的board n.薄木板;牌子

boat n.小船;船短语:1.by boat body n. 主体;身体;躯体

book n书籍;著作;本;册.

bookshop n书店.

boring adj .无聊的;讨厌的词型转换: boring/bored

born adj. & v 出生的;出生短语: 1.be born

borrow v.借入;采用短语: 1.borrow …from…/lend…to

boss n.老板;工头

both pron. & adj. 两者都…;双方的短语:1. both…and…, 2.both of…, 3.both/all

例如:___ of my parents are good at English. ( 长沙市)

A. All

B. either

C. Both

题解:因为父母是指两人,所以用both . bottle n. 瓶;罐;奶瓶短语:1.a bottle of

bottom n.底;基底;尽头;臀部短语: 1.at the bottom of

bowl n.碗;钵短语:1.a bowl of

box n.盒子;箱;盆;匣短语:1.a box of boy n.男孩;儿子;小伙子

brain n.脑;脑浆;智者brave adj.勇敢的;无畏的(braver,bravest) bread n.面包短语:1.a piece of bread break (broke, broken) n. & v. 打破;损坏短语:1.break down

breakfast n. 早餐短语:1.have breakfast, 2.have…for breakfast,

breathe v.呼吸;生存;说出短语: 1.breathe in/out

bridge n. 桥梁;纽带

bright adj.发光的;明亮的;聪明的

bring (brought, brought) v. 带来;取来;导致;短语:1.bring…to, 2.bring sb. with, 3.bring sth for sb.

brother n. 兄弟;同伴;教友

brown n. & adj. 棕色的;晒黑的

brush v. & n. 刷子;画笔;擦;轻抹

build (built, built) v.建筑;修建;发展; building n. 建筑物;建造

burn (burnt, burnt) v. 烧掉;发光;烫伤bus n.公共汽车;汽车短语:1.by bus, 2.on a bus, 3. at the bus stop

business n.事务;工作;职业;要务短语: 1.on business

busy adj.忙碌的;杂乱的;

短语:1.be busy (in) doing something.忙着做…… 2.be busy with 忙于……;

主要考点为be busy doing sth .

They are busy ____ready for the exams. (宁夏回族自治区)

A. get

B. getting

C. to get

D. got

题解:本题考查be busy doing sth.用法。题意为“他们都在忙于准备考试。”

but conj.但是;然而;

例如:They lost the match, _____we know they did heir best. (河南省)

A. and

B. for

C. but

D. so

题解:根据题意知道,前后两句存在转折关系,即“虽然他们输了比赛,但是我们知道他们已经尽最大努力了。”故选C。

butter n. 黄油;花生酱

butterfly n. 蝴蝶;彩蝶;

buy (bought, bought) v 买;购;收买短

语:1.buy sb sth/ buy sth for sb

by prep.靠近;在……旁边

bye-bye interj.再见

C

cabbage n.洋白菜;卷心菜

cake n.蛋糕;块状物

call v.呼喊;啼叫;

短语:1. call at : ―访问‖后接地点名词;call on 后接表示人的名词。

2.call back 叫回,召回;

3.call…for help 喊……帮忙;

camel n.骆驼;驼色

camera n.照相机;电视摄像机短语:1.digital camera 数码相机

camp n. & v. 军营;拘留所

短语:1.go camping 野营度假

can n. & v能;会;可能can‘t不可能

Canada n.加拿大

candle n.蜡烛;

短语:1.light candles点蜡烛

candy n. 冰糖;糖果

cap n.软帽;帽子

capital n.首都;省会

captain n.领袖;队长

car n.轿车;有轨电车

card n厚纸片;卡片.

短语:1.Play cards打扑克

care v.关心;注意;照料:喜欢; 短语:1. take care of 照顾,照管:care for 关心

e.g. His son took care of him when he was ill.当他生病时。他的儿子照顾他。

careful adj. 仔细的;谨慎的:短语:1.be careful of 小心。。

careless adj. 粗心的;麻木不仁

carry v. 携带;提;抱;背

cat n.猫;猫科动物

catch v. 捉住;发现:燃着;理解; (caught, caught) 短语:1.catch up (常与with 连用) 赶上

近义词辨析:catch up with / keep up with catch up with 意思是―赶上‖,指由落后状态变为并肩状态,侧重动作:keep up with 意识是―跟上……‖,指并驾骑驱,不掉队,侧重状态。

cause n. & v.原因;理由;提出

CD n.激光唱片;只读光盘;存储器

CD-ROM 只读光盘;存储器

ceiling n.天花板;顶棚

celebrate v. 庆祝;举行

cent n.分

centre n.中点;圆心

century n. 百年;世纪

短语:1.21st century 21世纪

certain adj. 确信的;注定的短语:1.for certain 毫无疑问

certainly adv. 无意地;毫无疑问

chair n. 椅子;教授职位chairman/woman n.会议主席;女人

chalk n.粉笔

chance n. 碰巧; 机会;可能性:1.by chance 偶然的,意外地:e.g. I met him in the street quite by chance.我在街上很偶然地遇见了他。

change v.变化;转变;改变;找回的零钱,找头;短语:1.change into 变成: Put a basin of water in cold outside and the next morning, the watr will changeinto ice.在寒冷的室外放一盆水,第二天早晨水就会变成冰。

chant n. & v. 吟诵词;唱

cheap adj. 廉价的;核算的

cheat v.欺骗;骗取

check n. & v.核查;查明;核对:

短语:1. check in (在旅馆、机场等)登记,验票:e.g. You must check in an hour before the plane leaves.

你必须在飞机起飞前一个小时办理登机手续。

2. check-out(购货时的)结帐台,收银台。

e.g. I will wait for you at the check-out.我在收银台等你。

cheer n. & v. 喝彩;情绪;欢呼:短语:1.cheer…on 为……加油: e.g. The crowd cheered both teams on. 观众为双方的球队欢呼加油。

2. Cheer up! 高兴点儿!e.g.Cheer up! Don‘t be so worried. 高兴点儿!别担心。

cheese n.干酪;蜜饯

chemistry n. 化学;吸引力

chess n. 国际象棋;短语:1. play chess下象棋

chest n.大箱子;胸腔

chick n.少妇;小鸟

chicken n.小鸡;家禽;鸡肉;

child (pl. children) n. 小孩;没经验的人; China n.中国;

Chinese adj.& n. 中文;中国的;中国人

chocolate n. 巧克力;巧克力饮料choice n. 选择;选择权短语: 1.make a choice做出选择

choose (chose, chosen) v.挑选;选择; chopsticks n.筷子

Christmas n.圣诞节短语: 1.Christmas Eve 平安夜

church n.教堂;礼拜

cinema n. 电影院;电影短语:1.go to the cinema 去看电影

circle n. & v圆圈;圆形

city n.城市;都市

clap v. & n. 拍手;鼓掌

class n. 种类;等级;阶级;班级; (一节)课;

近义词辨析:class / lesson class 指以时间为单位的课堂教学活动,也指―班级或全体学生‖lesson ―功

课‖等教学内容。e.g.Class Two is having a Chinese lesson.二班在上语文课。

作―课‖讲时,lesson可以和class互换。e.g. We have no classes/lessons on Sundays.我们星期天不上课。

classmate n. 同班同学

classroom n.教室;课堂

clean adj. & v.清洁的;爱干净的;

短语:1.clean up 清除,收拾干净。e.g. Boys and girls, please clean up your desks.同学们,请把你们的书桌收拾干净。

2.clean-up 大扫除

clear adj. 无污染的;晴朗的;清楚的;清澈的。.短语:1.clear up 整理。e.g.They were clearing up this room before the visitors arrive.

clearly adv.干净地;无污染地

clever adj.聪明的;灵巧的;

clever / bright clever 指―聪明、机敏、熟练‖等。e.g.He is clever with money. 他善于理财。

bright 多指小孩―聪明、伶俐‖,或者指好的想法或建议。e.g.That bright boy gave us a bright idea.那个聪明的男孩给我们一个好主意。

climb v.攀登;爬上短语: 1.climb up/down 爬上/下

clock n. 时钟;里程表短语:1.clock tower钟楼

clone v. 克隆;

close v. & adj. 关;结束;密切的;近的;亲密的;

clothes n.衣服;床上用品短语:1.clothes-line晾衣绳

cloud n.乌云;云雾;烟尘

cloudy adj. 有烟的;多云的

club n.俱乐部;棍棒

coach n. 辅导;教练;旅客车厢coal n.煤;煤块儿

coast n.沿海地区;海岸

coat n. 大衣;外套

coffee n. 咖啡;咖啡树短语:1.coffee bar 咖啡吧

coin n. 硬币;钱币

coke n焦炭.

cold adj. & n. 冷的;冷淡的;不友好的;寒冷;伤风;感冒;

collect v.收集;采集;积累

college n.专科学院;学院

colour n. & v. 色;彩色;燃料;给着色短语:1.color-blind色盲

come (came, come) v. 来;来临;实现;

例如:Every year many foreigners ___ to China to learn Chinese. ( 陕西省)

A. have come

B. comes

C. came

D. come

题解:由Every year知道是用一般现在时,

只有B,D是一般现在时,又因主语为复数,故选D。

例如:It’s getting warmer and warmer. The flowers start to ___. (哈尔滨市)

A. come in

B. come over C come out D. come on

题解:很明显题意为“天越来越暖和,花都开了。”A为“进来”。B,D为“过来”。只有C符合题意。

短语:1. come along 来到,出现,赶快:

e.g.Come along, Tom.快点,Tom。

2. 、come down 下来,落;e.g.Please come down to the floor. 请下到地面上来。

3. come into (wide) use 开始;被(广泛)使用:e.g.Now computers has come into wide use in many fields.

4.Come on! (表示激励)加油!快!

5. come out 发行,出版;指(花儿)开放。

6. come true 实现

7. come up to 来到……面前。e.g. The guard comes up to me with smile.门卫笑着走到我面前。

8. come up with 找到,提出(答案、解决办法等)。e.g.The boss hopes you can come up with a better plan than this.

comfortable adj.、使舒服的; common adj.通常的;普通的短语:1.in commom 共同地communication n.传达;信息

company n.公司;人群;合伙者compare v.把……比做;对照短语:1.compare… with…. 把…与…进行比较

competition n. 竞争;比赛

complete adj. & v. 完整的;十足的

composition n. 组成;作品computer n.电脑;

短语:1.digital computer 数字计算机concert n.音乐会;和谐condition n. 前提;状态

短语:1.be in good / poor condition 处于好的/坏的状况

conference n.协商;会议connect v.连接;联想

consider v.考虑;细看

短语:1.consider doing 考虑做。context n. 语境;场合

continue v. 坚持不懈;待续

短语:1.continue doing 继续做。contract n. 合同;缩小

control v.指挥;控制;管理

短语:1.be in control 管理,支配 2.be out of control失控

conversation n. 会话;会谈

cook v. & n. 烹调;做;篡改cooker n. 厨具;蒸煮用具;锅cool adj. 凉的;凉快的;

copy n. & v. 复制品;副本;拷贝;复印;印刷;copyright版权corner n. 角儿;屋角

correct v. & adj. 正确的;改正

cost v. 耗费;使付出;价格短语:1.at all costs不惜任何代价

例如:—How much does this DVD___?

—It 's ¥298.

A. cost

B. pay

C. spend

题解:cost 用于句型“How much does +主语+cost ?”中。

cotton n. & adj. 棉花;棉株cough 咳嗽;吐露

短语:1.have a bad cough 咳得很厉害

could modal v. 有可能

count v.计数;数数

短语:1.count down倒计时

country n国土;乡村countryside n.农村地区;农村couple n. 两个;一对

courage n.勇气;无畏

course n.行进;路线

cousin n.堂兄弟;表兄弟

cover n. & v.保护;铺盖

短语:1.cover…. with…. 用…覆盖…cow n.奶牛;母牛;婆娘crayon n.彩色粉笔;绘画铅笔

crazy adj.发疯的;着迷的create v.引起;创造

词型转换:creation创造,发生

cross v. & n. 十字架;十字形cruel adj. 残酷的;严厉的

cry n. & v. 呼喊;哭泣;诉说

culture n. 文化;文明

cup n.杯子;杯形物

cut (cut, cut) v. & n. 切;砍;短语:1. cut down 砍倒;2. cut up 砍碎

D

dad (daddy) n. 爸爸;

daily adj. adv. & n. 每日的;经常短语:1.daily life日常生活dance v. & n.跳舞;雀跃

短语:1.dance music舞曲danger n. 危险物;危险;

短语: 1. in danger 在……危险之中。e.g.The building is in danger of collapse (倒塌)。这楼房要塌了、

2. out of danger 脱离危险。e.g. After the treatment, he is now out of danger. 经过治疗,他已经脱离危险了。

dangerous adj. 危险的;引起危险的

dare v. & aux. 敢;竟敢

dark adj. & n. 暗的;黑暗的短语:1.before / after dark 天黑之前/之后date n. 日期;年份;

短语:1.date from / back to 追溯到(某一时间):e.g. The Great Wall dates back to Qin Dynasty. 长城的历史可以追溯到秦朝。daughter n. 女儿;女性后裔granddaughter孙女

day n. 白昼;日光;

1. day by day 一天天地,逐日:e.g. Spring is coming and the weather gets warmer day by day.春天来了,天气一天天边暖了。

2. one day (过去或将来的)某一天:e.g. You will regret one day if you don‘t work hard.如果不努力的话,总有一天你回后悔的。

3. the other day 在不久前,某天;e.g. He can‘t be abroad, I met him on the street the other day. 他不可能出国了,我不久前在街上还碰到过他。

4. the day before yesterday 前天

5. the day after tomorrow 后天

6. these days 如今

7. day off 休息日

dead adj. 死亡的;麻木的

短语:1.be dead 死了(持续性词组)

deaf adj. 聋的;短语: 1.deaf-aid助听器

deal v. 处理;交往;对待;短语:1. deal with 对付,处理。e.g.How will you deal with problem?

2. a great deal of 大量。e.g.I have a great deal work to do. 我有大量的工作要做。dear adj.心爱的;十分敬重的death n 死亡;结术December n.十二月

decide v.决定;下决心

短语:1.decide on 决定

decision n. 决定;判决

短语:1.make a decision 作出决定deep adj. & adv.深的;有……深的

degree n. 程度;等级;度数delicious adj.美味的;芬芳的dentist n. 牙科医生;牙科学发;e.g. There is something wrong with my son‘s teeth.He needs to see the dentist. depend v. 取决于;依赖短语:1.depend on 取决于

describe v. 描述;断言

desk n. 书桌;办公桌

短语:1.at desk在学习

develop v. 使发展;培育;生长;发育;词型转换:developing发展中的developed发达的

development n. 开发;发展;

e.g. The development of the medicine industry will take several years. 医药工业的发展要经过几年的时间。

dialogue n.对话;对白

diary n. 日记;日记薄短语:1.keep a diary记日记

dictionary n. 字典;辞书

短语:1.look up …in the dictionary 在字典里查阅。

die v. 枯死;结束difference n. 差异;不同程度短语:1.make a difference between 区别对待

different adj.不同的;不一致的短语:1.be different from 不一样

difficult adj. 困难的;复杂的;艰难的;

近义词辨析:difficult / harddifficult 和hard 都有―困难的‖意思,区别是diffficult 侧重于智力上的

难题,hard 侧重体力上的难题。e.g. It is hard for me to climb up the hill alone.独自一人爬上那座山对我来说太难了。

e.g.The problem is difficult for me to work out. 我很难解出这道难题。

difficulty n.困难;障碍;短语:

1. have difficulty (in) doing sth.

e.g.We have difficulty (in) passing the exam. 要通过这次考试,我们有困难。

dig (dug, dug) v.挖;掘;翻

dinner n. 正餐;宴会短语: 1.at dinner在吃饭

direct adj. & v. 笔直的;最近的;指引;导演;

e.g. I directed the traveler to the college.我告诉了这个旅行者去学院的路。

Who directed the film ―Gone with wind?‖ 电影《飘》是谁导演的?

direction n.指挥;管理

director n.主任;主管;导演

dirty adj. 肮脏的

discover n. 找到;发现discovery n.发现;发觉

discuss v. 讨论;议论短语:1.discuss sth with sb 和某人讨论某事

discussion n. 谈论;议论

短语:1.under discussion正在讨论中disease n. 疾病;弊病

短语:1.a serious disease 严重的疾病dish n. 蝶;盘;食品

disturb v. 搅乱;中断;使烦恼divide v. 分开;分配;

短语:1.divide…into… 把…和…分开do (did, done) v做;干;

短语:1. do a good job 干得不错。e.g. He did a very good job in the exams. 他的考试成绩考得很好。

2. do one‘s best 尽自己最大努力;e.g. If you want to pass the exam, you must do your best from now on.

要想通过考试,从此你必须尽自己最大努力。

3. do some shopping 买点东西。

4. do well in 在……方面干得好;e.g. He did badly in English , but he does well in it now .

5. do with 处置,对付。e.g.What will you do with it?你会怎么处置踏呢?

doctor n. 大夫;医生;博士短语:1.see a doctor 看医生

dog n.犬;狗;雄兽

e.g. Every dog has his day人人皆有得意日

doll n.玩具娃娃;玩偶;傻妞; dollar n.美元

door n.门;家短语:1.out of doors 在户外

double adj. & n.成对的;两倍的; doubt n. & v. 不肯定的;愤世嫉俗短语:1.without doubt 无疑地down adv. & prep.向下;朝下

短语:1.down load下载downstairs adv. 顺楼梯而下

短语:1.fall downstairs 从楼梯上摔下

dozen n. 十二个;一打

draw v.拖;拔出;拉开drawer n. 抽屉

drawing n.制图;素描画

dream v. & n. 梦;理想短语: 1.have a day dream 做白日梦 2.dream of /that

dress n. & v.给……穿衣;打扮;近义词辨析:dress / wear/ put on

dress 后面接人作宾语,意思是―给……穿衣服‖。wear 后面接衣服名词,指状态,意思是―穿着……‖。

put on 侧重于动作,后面接衣服名词,意思是―把……穿上‖e.g. My son is old enoug h do dress himself.

我的儿子长大了,能自己穿衣服了。It‘s cold outside. Better put on more clothes. 最好多穿点衣服。

短语:1.dress oneself 自己穿衣服

drink v. & n. 饮;喝;干杯短语:1.drink up 喝光

drive (drove, driven) v. 驱赶;迫使短语:1.driving-license 驾照

driver n.驾驶员短语: 1.driver‘s license驾照

drop v.小液珠

drum n.鼓;敲击乐组

dry v. & adj. 干的;无水分的;短语:1. dry up 干涸 e.g. The old well dries up for a long time. 那口老井干涸了许久了。

duck n. 鸭肉;野鸭

dumpling n.饺子

短语:1.make dumplings 包饺子during prep.在……整个期间duty n.责任;责任感

短语:1.on / off duty 值/ 不值班

DVD n

E

each adj. & pron 各个;各自;每一个短语:1.each other彼此

ear n. 耳朵;听觉

短语:1.ear-ring 耳环

early adj. & adv. 提早的(地);及时的(地)短语:1.in early spring在早春

earth n. 地球;海洋

easily adv. 容易地;非常

east n.& adj.东方;东部

easy adj.容易的;不费劲的短语:1.easy come ,easy go 来得容易去得快eat v. 吃饭;吞咽;咀嚼短语:1.eat up 吃光

edge n.边界;边缘;界限education n.教育;传统教育

短语:1.further education 深造

effort n.力气;尽力;努力egg n. 蛋;卵

eight num.八;八号

either adj. conj & adv. (两者间)任意一个;

近义词辨析:either / both / neither

both 是―两个都……‖的意思;

either表示―两者中的任何一个‖;也

例如:—Here’s coffee and tea. You may have ___.(年湖北武汉市)

—Thanks.

A. either

B. each

C. one

D. it

题解:考查either作代词“(两者中)任何一个”的用法。

neither、表示―两者中的任何一个都不……‖。使用时,both后面接名词复数,neithr\either 修饰名词的单数形式。e.g. Neither answer is right. 两个答案都不对。

Either you or I am right .要么是你对,要么是我对。Both you and I are right.你和我都对。注意:表示―两个都不……‖,不用both…not而应使用Neither e.g.Neither of us is a student.我们都是学生。

elder n.年长的;岁数大的; electric adj. 电的;带电的elephant n.象

eleven num. 十一(的);十一号

else adj. & adv. 此外;其他人E-mail n.电子邮件

短语:1.send an E-mail发邮件empty adj. 空的;来往人的

短语:1.on an empty stomach enable v. 有权做;开启encourage v. 鼓励;督促

短语:1.encourage sb to lose weight 鼓励某人减肥

end n. & v. 末尾;终点短语:1.in the end最后

enemy n.敌人;敌国

energy n. 精力;活力能量

短语:1.be full of energy 精力充沛engineer n.;工程师;技师England n. 英国

English n. & adj. 英国的;英语的enjoy v. 欣赏;喜爱主要考点为:enjoy doing sth. 和enjoy oneself 例如:Who ___ playing ping pong in your class? (山西省)

A. wants

B. hopes

C. enjoys 题解:因为A,B都是后接动词不定式,而题中给的是playing,根据enjoy doing的用法,知道应该选C。

enough adj. adv. & n. 足够的;充足的短语:1.good enough 足够好

主要考点为enough修饰名词时可放在名词之前后之后;修饰副词和形容词时只能放在所修饰词的后面;用法(not)…enough to do sth .

例如:Don’t worry. He is ___to take care of little Betty.(哈尔滨市)

A .carefully enough B. enough careful C. careful enough

题解:用在be动词后需用形容词,故排除A。又因enough放在所修饰形容词的后面,故选C。

ensure n.确保;保证

enter v. 进入;上台

eraser n. 消除用具;橡皮擦especially adv. 尤其;格外

Europe n. 欧洲;

European n. 欧洲的;欧洲人

even adv. 甚至;

短语:1.even better甚至更好evening n. 傍晚;晚上

短语:1.in the evening 在晚上ever adv. 1.(用在否定句、疑问句、条件状语从句中)曾经,在任何时候;

e.g. I hardly ever see him going to work by bike nowadays. 我近来很少到他骑车上班。

2.(用于特殊疑问句,加强语气)究竟。Where ever have you been? I gave been here waiting for you for about half an hour.你到底去那里了?我已经在这儿等你半小时了。

3. 以前: e.g. With a tiger after him,the hunter ran faster than ever. 后面有只大老虎在追,猎人跑得比以前快多了。短语:1. ever since 从那时起

every adj. 每个;每隔everybody pron. 每个人;人人everyday adj. 每天发生的;普通的

everyone pron. 每人;个人;

近义词辨析:everyone / every one 。everyone 只能指人,意思是―人人、每人‖,

every one 即可指人有可指物,两个词作主语的时候,谓语动词使用单数;如果表示某个范围内的―每个人‖时,everyone 后面接―in+集体名词‖,every one 后面接―of+集体名词‖。e.g. Every one of us is getting ready for the exam.

我们有的人都在准备考试。

everything pron. 一切;全部everywhere adv.处处;到处

exactly adv. 精确地;恰好地exam =examination n. 检查;详查examine v. 检查;调查example n.例证;榜样

excellent adj. 极为出色的;特别优秀的

except prep. 将……排除在外;除了

例如:Where’s Lily? We are all here ___ her. (辽宁省)

A. beside

B. about

C. except

D. with

题解:考查except作介词的用法。

excite v. 使兴奋;引起

excited adj.兴奋的;激动的exciting adj. .兴奋的;激动的excuse n. & v. 开脱;谅解;

近义词辨析:Excuse me, I am sorry ,I beg your pardon

当我们要做的事、说的话可能引起对方的不便或打搅对方时或者希望引起对方眨注意,

常说Excuse me; 而当我们做错了事或说错了话时,常说I am sorry; 别人的话没听清楚,或不理解的时候,常说I beg your pardon. exercise v. & n. 运动;锻炼短语:1.take more exercise多运动2.keep-fit exercises保健练习

expect v.预料;期望expensive adj.昂贵的;价高的experience n. 经历;体验

短语:1.by experience从经验中experiment n.实验;试验

短语:1.learn by experiment 通过实验学习

explain v. 解释;阐释explanation n.解释;说明

express v. 表达;表述

eye n.眼睛;视觉器官

F

face n. 脸;面孔;v. 面对;面向

短语:1.face to face 面对面地。例如:They stand face to face talking.他们面对面地站在那里谈着。

2.make a face at 向……做鬼脸。例如:He made faces at the baby to make it laugh. 他向婴儿做鬼脸来逗他发笑。

fact n. 事实;真相;短语:in fact 事实上,实际上。

factor n. .因素;代理商

factory n.. 工厂;制造厂

fail v. 失败;忽视短语:fail in sth. 在某事物中失败

例如:I passed in maths but failed in French. 我数学及格,但法语不及格。

n. failure 失败;不成功

fair n. 庙会;集市

adj. 公平的;公道的短语:fair to/ on sb.例如:The ruling was not fair to everyone.这项裁决并非对每个人都公正。

fairly adv. 相当地; 完全地例如:This is a fairly easy book. 这是相当浅易的书。fall (fell, fallen) v. 落下;摔倒;

短语:1.fall asleep 入睡 2. fall behind 落后

3. fall ill 患病,病倒

4. fall in love with 喜欢I went to Shanghai last year and fell in love with it. 我去年去的上海,我喜欢上了这座城市。

5. fall off 摔倒He fell off his bike. 他从车上摔了下来。

n. (US)= autumn 秋天; (pl.) 瀑布Niagara Falls 尼亚加拉瀑布

false adj. 错误的; 不正确的; 假的

family n.. 家庭;家族

famous adj. 著名的;出名的;近义词辨析:famous for / famous as

be famous for 表示―因为某种知识技能、作品或特征而出名‖。be famous as 表示―作为……身份而出名‖。例如:Einstein was famous as a great scientist. He was famous for his Theory of Relativity.爱因斯坦以一位伟大的科学家而著称他以他的相对论而闻名。fan n.. 风扇;扇状物; 迷(某人/某事物热情崇拜者或拥护着)例如:football, jazz, cinema fans 足球迷,爵士乐迷, 影迷fantastic adj. 极好的;荒诞的

far (farther, farthest /further, furthest) adj. & adv.遥远地;远隔

短语:1. far away 很远,遥远。例如:The new music teacher lives far away.新来的音乐教师住得很远。

2.as far as 就,至于。例如:As far as I know, he has been to the town only once.据我所知,他只去过镇上一次。

3. so far 迄今为止例如:So far the work has been easy到目前为止,这工作很容易。

4.far from 远离例如:The school is not far from here. 学校离这不远。

farm n.农场;种植场短语:on the farm 在农场

farmer n.农场主;农夫

fascinate v. 使(某人)着迷,神魂颠倒或极感兴趣例如:The children were fascinated by the toys in the shop window.

孩子们让商店橱窗里的玩具给吸引住了。fascinating adj. 吸引人的;迷人的;使人神魂颠倒的例如:a fascinating voice /story 迷人的嗓音/ 故事

fashion n. 流行的样式;时尚;风尚

短语:be in fashion 流行;入时be out of

fashion 不再流行;过时例如:Jeans are still in fashion.牛仔裤还很时髦。

fashionable adj. 时兴的;时髦的;流行的例如:fashionable clothes/ furniture/ ideas/ ladies 时髦的服装/家具/思想/女士

fast adj. & adv.快的;偏快的;fast food 快餐

近义词辨析:fast / quickly

fast指人或物的运动速度快。例如:The car runs fast. 车子在飞驶。quickly 指事情发生或完成得快,延续的时间短,也常指人的思维快、反应快或动作敏捷。例如:The student found the answer to the quickly.学生很快地找到了问题的答案。

fat adj.(fatter, fattest) 肥的;肥胖的例如: If you eat too much chocolate you‘ll get fat.吃太多巧克力会发胖。

n. 脂肪;肥肉

father n..父亲;爸爸

favorite adj. & n.最受喜爱的

例如:Who is your favorite write? 你最喜欢哪位作家?These books are great favorites of mine. 这些是我最爱的书。

fax n. & v. 传真 a fax machine 传真机短语:fax sth. to sb. 用传真机传送

例如:Please fax your plans to me. 请把你的计划用传真机给我传送过来。

fear n. & v. 恐怕;忧虎;恐惧例如:fear of height对高处的恐惧

She feared to speak in front of so many people. 她害怕在这么多人面前讲话

I fear (that) he is going to die. 我担心他快死了。

feature n. 特点;特征;特色

February n.. 二月短语:in February 在二月

feed (fed, fed) v .喂养;饲养

短语:feed sb./ sth. ( on sth.)给(人或动物)食物;喂;喂养例如:Have you fed the cats? 你喂过猫没有?

She has a large family to feed . 她要养活一大家人What do you feed the dog on? 你用什么喂狗?

feel (felt, felt) v. 摸索;感知例如:feel cold, hungry, comfortable, happy etc.感到冷,饿,舒服,快乐等

短语:feel like doing 想要……, 感觉要……相当于want to do/ would like to do

例如:I feel like having a drink.我想喝点酒。feeling n.知觉;触觉

female n. 女性;女人

fence n. 栅栏;篱笆;围墙

festival n.节日;纪念活动日

fetch v.取来;请来短语:fetch sb./ sth. ( for sb.) 接来某人/取来某物

例如:Fetch a doctor at once. 快去请医生来。The chair is in the garden; please fetch it in. 椅子在花园了,请把它搬进来。

fever n.发烧;发热短语:have a fever 发烧例如:He has a high fever.他发高烧。few pron. & a.不多的;很少的:

近义词辨析:few / a few few 是否定词,意思是―没有几个、很少数‖,a few 的意思是―有几个、少数‖,是肯定词,这两个词都用来修饰可数名词的复数。

例如:The mountain is too steep, so ___people can reach the top. (漳州市)

A.little

B. a little

C. few

D. a few

题解:本题考查的就是few “很少的,几乎没有的”作否定意义时的用法。题意为“那座山脉太陡峭了,所以几乎没人能到达山顶。

fiction n. 小说

field n. 田;地;牧场;领域短语:in the field of art ,music ,science etc.在艺术,音乐,科学等领域

fifteen num. 十五

fifteenth num. 第十五

fifth num.第五(的);第五个(的)

fifty num.五十(的)短语:in one‘s fifties 在50岁到60岁之间

fight (fought, fought ) v. & n战斗;打架.短语:1.fight with /against sb./sth. 搏斗;打架;打仗;作战

例如:Have you been fighting with your brother?你又跟弟弟打架了吗?

We must fight against the enemy. 我们必须

与敌人作战。2. fight for sth. 争取获得或完成某事物

例如:fight for freedom; human rights 争取自由;人权

fill v.装满;布满

短语:1. fill with 充满;装满例如:fill a hole with sand 用沙子把洞填满

2. fill in =fill out 填充;填出例如:fill in a form 填表格

film n.薄层;胶片;电影例如:see a film 看电影

final adj.最后的;最终的

finally adv最后地.

find (found, found) v.发现;碰上

短语:1. find out 发现,查明; 例如:She‘d been seeing the boy for a while, but didn‘t want her parents to find out.她和这个男孩约会已有一段时间了。

2. find sb. out 识破,查出坏人。finding n. 发现;发现物;调查结果

fine adj. 优秀的

finger n. 手指;指状物

finish v. 结束;完成( + doing ) 例如: finish reading a book 读完一本书

fire n.& v.火焰;燃烧短语:1.light a fire / make a fire 生火2. on fire 燃烧The house is on fire. 房子着火了。

firm n. 公司

first num, adj. & adv.最先的;第一的;

短语:1.first aid 急救2. first of all = at first 首先;起初 3. first name 名字;教名

fish n. 鱼;鱼肉

fisherman n. 渔民;钓鱼者(pl. fishermen) fit adj. 合适的例如:The food was not fit to eat. 这食物不适合吃。

v. 使适合;(pt, pp: fitted; fitted US also fit; fit)

例如:These shoes don‘t fit me. 这双鞋我穿着不合适。

five num. 五;五个;

fix v. 使牢固;钉牢;修理短语:fix up 修理He is fixing up his bike.他正在修车。flag n. 旗;国旗

flashcard n. 抽认卡短语:make flashcards制作抽认卡

flat n. 单元房;公寓房间

flee (fled, fled) v. 逃跑;逃离;逃开短语:flee from 逃离,逃跑

例如:During the war thousands of people fled from the country.在战争期间成千上万的人逃离了国家。

flight n. 航班;飞行

floor n. 地面;底

flower n. 花;花朵

flu n .流感bird flu 禽流感fly v. (flew, flown) & n.飞;敢、飞翔;短语:fly over 自爱……上空飞行。

fold v. 折叠;折起来

follow v. 跟随;沿着

following adj. 下列的;接着的

food n. 食物;固体食品

fool n. 蠢人;傻瓜;白痴April Fool ( April Fool‘s Day)愚人节

foolish adj. 愚蠢的;傻的

foot (feet) n.脚;足

football n.足球;橄榄球

footstep n. 脚步声;足迹

for prep.为了…的利益;打算去做。给,为了:

短语:1.for sure 毫无疑问,确实。

例如:He will find the truth for sure. 他一定会发现真相的。

主要考点一般为相关的固定结构和习惯用法。

例如:Thank you___ inviting me to your birthday party. I really had a good time.(宁夏)

A. on

B. for

C. in

D. of

题解:本题考查for在固定结构“T hank you for doing sth.”里的用法。故选B。

2. forever= for ever 永远,总是。

例如:I shall remember that happy day forever. 我将永远记住那快乐的一天。

3. for example = for instance 例如;举例

4. for the reason 因为

forbid v. ( forbad, forbidden) 禁止;不准;不许Forbidden City紫禁城

force v.强迫

foreign adj. 外国的;对外的.

foreigner n.外国人

forest n. 森林地带;森林

forget v. 忘记;忽略;

近义词辨析:1. forget 意思是―忘记‖某事,而leave则是将物品―遗留‖在某地。例如:I forget that we had met at a meeting before. 我忘了我们以前在一次会议上见过面。I left the book in his house. 我把书忘在他家里了。

2. forget 后面可以接不定式,例如:I forgot to give the book back to him.我忘了把书还给他了。(还书一事还没有发生)。也可以接动名词,例如:I forgot giving the book back to him.我把还书给他的事情忘记了。主要考点为forget to do sth.和forget doing sth. 的用法。

其形容词为:forgetful 健忘的

例如:When you leave, don ’t forget ___off the light .(漳州市)

A. to turn

B. turning

C. turn

D. turned

题解:看备选答案好像考查的是turn,其实考查的是forget to do sth.的用法。fork n叉子;驻架.

form n.形状;结构;表格v. 形成;构成fortunately adv. 幸运地;幸亏

forty num. 四十

four num.四;四个

fourteen num. 十四

fourteenth num.第十四

forward adv.向前的;冒失的

fox n. 狐狸;狡猾的人

France 法国

French n.&adj.法国的;法语Frenchman, Frenchwoman 法国人

free adj.自主的;自由的;短语:for free 免费。例如:These tickets are for free. 这些票是免费的。

freedom n. 自由

freeze v. (froze, frozen)(使)结冰;(使)凝固

fresh adj.新做的;不同的

Friday n. 星期五fridge n.冰箱

friend n. 朋友;赞助者

friendly adj. 友好的;和善的短语:be friendly to sb.对某人友好

frog n.蛙类动物;蛙

from prep.作为起点的…;从…; 短语: 1.from now on 从现在起,今后。例如:I will never talk to that man again from now on.

2. from … to… 从……到……。

3. from then on从那时起From then on she knew she would win. 她从那时起就知道自己会获胜。

front adj. & n.前面;正面;

近义词辨析:1.in front of 在……前面。例如:There are two tall trees in front of the house

2. in the front of 在……的前面,在……前部(侧重一个整体的前部分)。例如:There is a teacher‘s desk in the fr ont of the classroom.在教师的前面有一张讲台。

fruit n.水果;水果食物

frustrate v. 使失望;使沮丧;使厌烦frustrated adj. 令人灰心的;令人沮丧的frustrating adj. 使人心烦的;使人讨厌的;使人灰心的

full adj.满的;充满的;饱的短语;be full of 充满……的,富有……的。

例如:The future of the young is full of hope. 年轻人的前途大有希望。

fun n. 娱乐;玩笑;短语:make fun of sb. 同某人开玩笑。例如:She dislikes to be made fun of. 她不喜欢别人开她的玩笑。

funny adj.有趣的;独特的

furry adj. 毛皮的;似毛皮的;毛皮制的future n.将来;以后短语:in the future 在将来;在未来

G

gallery n. 美术馆;画廊;走廊a picture gallery 美术展览馆

game n.游戏;比赛

garage n. 汽车间;汽车房;汽车库garbage n. 废物;垃圾

garden n. 花园;公园

gate n. 门;城门;大门

general adj.普遍的;盛行的短语: in general 总的说来;通常;大体上

例如:In general her work has been good, but this essay was bad.总的说来,她的作品不错,不过这篇文章糟透了。

generally adv普遍地例如:The plan was generally welcomed.该计划广受欢迎。generous adj. 慷慨的;大方的例如:It is generous of you to share your food with me. 你把事物与我分享,真慷慨。

gentle adj. 温和的;温柔的;轻轻的geography n.地理学;地理

German adj. & n. 德国(的);德语(的);德国人(的)

Germany n. 德国

gesture n. 手势;示意动作make a rude gesture 做出粗野的姿势

get (got, got) v. 获得;收到;

短语:1. get…back 退还……;送回去;取回; 返回,回到某地;回复某人(电话,信笺)例如:You‘d better get back home and get the books back.

你最好回家把书取回来。

The ship got back to the port yesterday. 船昨天回到了码头。

He is waiting for my reply, but I haven‘t got bake to him.他正等待我的答复,但是我还没给他回复。

2.get close (to) 接近

3.get down 降下

4. get in 进入, 收获,达到例如:The train got in late. 火车到站误点了。

The farmers are getting the crops in. 农民们正在收割庄稼。

5. get in the way 妨碍

6. get off 下车。例如:We will get off at the next bus stop . 我们将在下一站下车。

7. get on 上车。例如:I get on the train every moning at 6:30.我每天早晨六点半上火车。

8.get on / along (well)with 和……相处(很好)。例如:How are you getting along with your classmates?

你和你的同学相处的如何?

9. get the first / second place 获得第一名/第二名。

例如;This time he got the first place in the exam. 这次他考试得了第一名。

10. get up 起床,起身。

例如:Get up early or you‘ll be late for school. 快点起床,否则你上学晚了。

11. get to 到达例如:He just got to Beijing. 他刚刚到达北京。

12. get out 出去;离开get out of 从……出来例如:You should get out of your room.你应该从房间里出来。

13. get over 克服;恢复;原谅例如:She can‘t get over shyness.她克服不掉羞怯感。14.get together 聚会,联欢

例如:We must get together for a drink some time. 我们得找时间聚聚喝上一杯。

gift n.赠品;礼物a birthday gift 生日礼物

giraffe n.长颈鹿(复数:giraffe or giraffes) girl n.女孩;如、姑娘

give (gave, given) v. 送给;捐赠;

短语:1. give … a hand 助……一臂之力,给……帮助。例如:Could you give me a hand with these boxes?你能帮我搬箱子吗?

2. give …a ring / call; 给……打电话。

3. give away 免费送出;赠送例如:He gave away most of his money to charity.

4. give back 归还例如:Could you give me back my pen? 你把那支笔还给我好吗?

5. give birth to 生(孩子)。例如:She gave birth to a girl last night. 昨晚她生了一个女孩。

6. give in 上交;呈交;屈服;让步;例如: Please give your exam papers in to your teacher when you finished.

She‘s a brave player, she never gives in. 她是个勇敢的选手,从不屈服。

7. give out 分发;散发例如:The teacher gave out the test papers. 老师发了考卷。

8. give up 放弃,停止;例如:Can‘t you give up smoking? 你难道就不能戒烟吗?

glad adj. 高兴的;快乐的例如:I‘m glad to hear he‘s feeling better. 听说他身体好些

了,我很高兴。

glass n. 玻璃;玻璃制品 a glass of water 一杯水

(pl.) glasses 眼镜 a pair of glasses 一副眼镜

globe n. 球状物;球体;地球仪

glove n. 手套;拳击手套 a pair of gloves 一副手套

glue n. 胶;胶水mend a broken cup with glue 用胶粘补破杯

v. 用胶水将物体粘合;粘贴glue two pieces of wood together将两块木头粘合在一起

go v.行进;去;短语: 1. go ahead 走在前面,领先;干吧,干下去

例如:---May I start now? ---Yes, go ahead. ---我现在可以开始吗?---可以,开始吧。

2. go away 走开。例如:Don‘t go away. I‘ll be back in a minute.别走开,我马上回来。

3. go by (指时间)过去;消逝例如:As time goes by my memory seems to get worse.

4.go in for 参加。例如:His brother doesn‘t go in for sports. 他弟弟没有参加运动。

5.go fishing (shopping, skating) (去)钓鱼(买东西,滑冰)

6.go for a walk 散步

7. go off (闹铃)闹响

例如:This morning my alarm clock didn‘t go off. 今天早晨我的闹钟没响。

8. go on 继续(说/做)下去。go on with 继续

例如:Who knows what‘s going on here?有谁知道这里发生了什么事?

9. go over 复习,仔细检查。例如:Let‘s go over the lesson again. 让我们把功课再复习一遍。

10. go straight along 沿着……一直往前走。例如:Go straight along the street and take the second turning on the left.沿着街道向前走,在第二个拐弯处左拐。

11. go through 查阅;浏览例如:I always start the day by going through my email. 我总是每天一早就查阅我的电子邮件。

goat n.山羊;愚蠢的人god n.偶像God 上帝

gold n. & adj黄金;金色. a gold medal 金牌win a/ the gold 获得金牌

golden adj.金色的;含金的

golf n. 高尔夫球运动play golf 打高尔夫球

golfer n. 打高尔夫球者

good ( better, best) adj. 好的;能干的;

短语:1. be good at 擅长,善于。例如:He is good at drawing.他擅长绘画。

2. be good for 对……有好处。例如:Practice is good for our health.锻炼有益于健康。

3. be good to 对……态度好。例如:The old man is always not so good to foreign visitors.这老人对外国游客的态度一直不好。goodbye (bye-bye) interj.再见

goods n. 货物;商品cheap goods 便宜货物; cotton goods 棉织商品

goose (pl geese) n.鹅;鹅肉

government n.统治;支配;政府

grade n.等级;分数;年级

gradually adv. 逐渐地;渐渐地例如: Things gradually improved.情况已逐渐改善。graduate n. 大学毕业生

a law graduate法律系毕业生 a graduate of Oxford 牛津大学毕业生

v. 毕业graduate in sth. (at / from sth.)She graduated from Cambridge with a degree in law. 她毕业于剑桥大学,获法学学士学位。grammar n.语法;文法

grandchildn. n. 孙子;孙女granddaughter n.孙女;外孙女grandfather/grandpa n.祖父

grandmother/grandma n.(外)祖母grandparents n.祖父母

grandparent n. 祖父;祖母

grandson n. 孙子;外孙

granny n. .奶奶;外婆

grammar n. 语法

grape n. 葡萄 a bunch of grapes 一串葡萄grape juice葡萄汁

grass n. 草;牧草

gray (grey) n.& adj. 灰色(的);灰白(的)

great adj. 大的;巨大的Great Lake 五大湖(加拿大及美国之间的五个湖的总称)

Greece 希腊

green n. & adj绿色(的);青葱的green pepper 青椒

greet v. 欢迎;接受;致意;问候He greeted me in a friendly way. 他很友好的跟我打招呼。

ground n.地;地面

group n.集体;团体 a group of girls 一群女孩子 a newspaper group 报业集团grow (grew, grown) v. 增加;成长; 短语:grow up 成年,长成。例如:I want to be a doctor when I grow up.

guard n.警惕;看守

guess v. 猜测;估计例如:Can you guess her age/ guess how old she is? 你能猜出她的年龄吗?

guest n. 客人;宾客例如:He invited her to be his guest for the evening at the theatre.他邀请她晚上去看戏。

guide n. 向导;导游 a tour guide 导游

例如:I know the place well, so let me be your guide.我熟悉那地方,我来当你们的向导。v. 引导;指导

例如:I guided him to his seat. 我把他领到他的座位上去。

guidebook n. (旅行、游览等)指南

guilty adj. 内疚的;有罪的;犯罪的例如:I feel guilty about visiting her so rarely. 我因极少看望她而感到内疚。

guitar n.吉他例如:He likes playing the guitar. 他喜欢弹吉他。

gum n. 口香糖chew gum 嚼口香糖gun n.枪;炮

例如:Look out, he has got a gun!小心,他拿着枪呢!

guy n. 家伙;小伙子例如:He‘s a great guy. 他是个了不起的小伙子。

gym = gymnasium n.体育馆;健身房exercise in the gym 在健身房锻炼

gymnast n. 体操运动员gymnastic adj. 体育的;体操的gymnastics n. 体操

H

habit n.习性;习惯短语:be in/ fall into/ get into/ the habit of doing sth. 有(养成)做某事的习惯

例如:He is not in the habit of drinking a lot. 他不习惯于多喝酒。

I‘ve got into the habit of turning on the TV as soon as I get home.我已养成了一到家就打开电视的习惯。

habitat n. (动植物的)自然环境;栖息地例如:The creature‘s habitat is the jungle. 这种动物的栖息地是丛林。

hair n.毛发;茸毛hair band 发带hair clip发卡

haircut n. 理发;发型例如:That‘s a nice haircut. 那个发式很漂亮。

You should have a haircut. 你该理发了。half adj. & n. (pl. halves)一半;半场

例如:I divided the apples into halves. 我把苹果分成两瓣

half past one, two etc.一点半、两点半……;

主要考点为half 的复数halves以及相关表达形式one and a half . 注意数字和不定冠词的位置。

例如:I t ’s ___ ride from my home to the factory. ( 湖北黄冈市)

A. two hours and half‘s

B. two and half hours‘

C. two and a half hours‘

D. two hour and a half‘s

题解:题意为“从我家到工厂有两个半小时的路程”。“两个半小时”有两种表达方式“two hours and a half ”多用于口语,“two and a half hours”多用于书面语。hall n.门厅;大楼;大厅;厅堂in the hall 在大厅

Halloween n. 万圣节前夕(10月31日) ham n.火腿;后腿 a slice of ham 一片火腿 a ham sandwich 火腿三明治hamburger n.汉堡包

hamster n. 仓鼠

hand n.手;前腿v. 交给。

短语:1. hand in 交上来。例如:The teacher asked the students to hand in their papers.老师叫学生将试卷交上来。

2. hand out 分发;发放例如:They are having out emergency things. 他们正在分发紧急物品。

handbag n.手包

handsome adj.英俊的;漂亮的handwriting n. 手写;书法

hang (hung, hung) v.使悬挂;使吊起

上吊;绞死;处以绞刑(hanged, hanged)短语:hang out (俚语)闲逛;闲荡happen v. 发生;出现

短语:1. sb. happen to sth. 某人发生某事例如:If anything happens to him, let me know. 如果他有什么不测,就通知我。

2. sth. happen to sb. 碰巧;恰巧;恰好例如:She happened to be out when he called. 他打电话是,她恰好不在家。

词义辨析:happen/ take place

happen 指偶然发生的或未经筹划的。例如:The accident happened at about 9:30. 事故发生在9点30分左右。

take place 表示必然性的―发生‖或者是计划安排好―举行‖。例如:Great changes have taken place in my home town recently. 最近我的家乡发生了巨大的变化。

happy adj. 愉快的;满足的;快乐的;幸福的

hard adj. & adv. 坚硬的;结实的;困难的;艰难的;努力地;费劲地

hard-working adj. 勤勉的;努力工作的,尽心尽力的

hardly adv. 几乎不。

词义辨析:hard /hardly 这两个词都是副词,但意思和用法截然不同。hard 是―努力、猛烈、困难‖的意思,而hardly 是―几乎不、简直不‖的意思,是否定词。例如:We should work hard to pass the eaxm.我们应该努力学习,通过考试。

They could hardly believe the news, could they?他们几乎不敢相信这个消息,不是吗? hat n.帽子;职务

hate v. & n.仇恨;憎恨have ( has, had, had) v有;拥有.

短语:1.had better (do) 最好(做)You had better get up early. 你最好早点起床。You‘d better not smoke here.

2.have a cold 患感冒

3. have a good time 玩得很痛快。例如:We had a good time in the park yesterday.

我们昨天在公园里玩得很愉快。4.have classes 上课

5. have on 穿着。例如:He has a black coat on today.今天他穿着一件黑色的上衣。

6.have a try 尝试,努力:例如:Have a try again and then you can get it .再试一次你就能得到它。

7. have no idea 不知道。I have no idea about the accident happened at the street corner.我对发生在街道拐角处的事故一无所知。

8. have to 不得不,必须。have got to 不得不;必须

近义词辨析:have / there be 都是―有‖的意思,区别是:there be 指―某处存有‖,例如: There is a map on the wall.墙上有

幅地图。而have指―所有,拥有‖例如:I have a brother and a sister.我有一个弟弟一个妹妹。

v. 从事;进行;吃;喝例如:have a swim, walk, ride, etc. 游泳,散步,骑马

have a wash, rest, talk 洗一洗,歇一歇,谈一谈Let me have a try. 让我试一下。

She usually has a bath in the morning. 她早上通常要洗个澡。

have 被称为“万能动词”,其考点很多。Tracy can’t play the match now .Please ___ instead. (杭州市)

A.have Lily do it

B. have Lily to do it

C. make Lily to do it

D. let Lily to do it

题解:考查“have + sb. +动词原形”的用法,表示“让某人做某事”。

He ’s never been to the United States,___?

A. isn‘t he

B. doesn‘t

C. hasn‘t

D. has he

题解:首先弄清‘s在句中是哪个单词的缩写,分析语法知道应该是现在完成时态,故确定是has的缩写。再因句中已有never

表示否定,根据反意疑问句前否后肯,所以选D。

Hawaii n. (美国州名)夏威夷

he pron.他;它

head n.头部;才能例如:My head aches.我头痛。Use your head.动动脑筋。headache n.头痛have a headache 头痛

headmaster n. (中小学的)校长headphone n. 耳机 a pair of headphones 一副耳机

head teacher n. 班主任

health n.健康;健康状况

be in good health= be healthy 身体健康He is healthy. / He is in good health. 他很健康。Exercise is good for the health. 锻炼身体有益于身体健康。

healthy (-ier,-iest) adj. 健康的 a healthy child 健康的孩子

hear (heard, heard) v.听见;听取;

短语: 1. hear about/ of 听说: 例如:I‘ve ever heard of someone doing that.我曾经听说过有人做那种事。

2. hear from 接到……来信。例如:I often hear my old friends. 我经常收到老朋友的来信。

近义词辨析:listen to / hear / sound

listen 强调动作,意思是―听‖,不侧重于结果。例如:They are listening to the radio.他们正在听收音机。

hear 强调结果,意思是―听见‖,例如:I listened carefully but heard nothing.我仔细听,却没听到什么。中考例:

—Mike! What are you doing there ?(山西省)

—Listen, Mum. I hear somebody _____ upstairs.

A. going

B. goes

C. go

D. to go

题解:考查“hear sb. / sth. Doing sth. ”强调正在进行,“听见某人正在做……”

sound 是连系动词,意思是―听起来,听上去‖,后面接名词、形容词。例如:The news sounds great.这消息听起来很棒。

heart n. 心;心脏heat n.高温;热情

v. (使某物)变热或变暖

heaven天堂;极乐世界

heavy adj.(-ier, -iest)重的;密度大的例如:How heavy is it? 这个有多重? There will be a heavy rain. 将会有场大雨。adv. heavily

height n.高度;身高

例如:What‘s the height of the moun tain? 这山有多高?He ‗s two meters in height. 他身高两米。

hello (hi) interj.哈罗;喂

help v.帮助;扶持例如:help oneself to 请随便吃点Help yourself to some fish.请随便吃些鱼吧。

help sb. with sth./do sth. 帮助某人做某事My sister helps me with my English/ study English/ to study English. 我姐姐帮我学英语。

主要考点为:help sb . (t o ) do s t h . /help oneself to…/with the helpof …/can ’t help doing…(禁不住做……)例:

—____yourself to some tea after the hard work.(山东省)

—Thanks a lot .

A. Enjoy

B. Drink

C. Cook

D. Help

题解:很明显考查的是help yourself to的用法。选D。

helpful adj.有用的;有益的 a helpful person 有用的人

her pron.她

here adv.在这里;到这里here and there 在各地;各处

hero n.(pl. –es)英雄;勇士

herself pron. 她自已

hide (hid, hidden) v.把…藏起来例如: The sun was hidden by the clouds. 太阳被云遮住了。

high adj.高的;特定高度的

hill n.小山;土堆例如:The house is on the side of a hill. 那所房子坐落在山坡上。him pron. 他

himself pron.他自已

his pron.他的

historical adj. 历史上的; 历史题材的historical research 历史研究

history n. 历史学;历史

hit (hit, hit ) v.击;投掷;She hit me on his head with a book. 她用书打我的头。

I was hit by a falling stone. 我被落下的石头击中了。

n. 成功而轰动一时的事物(如歌曲等)hit song, records 流行歌曲,歌曲唱片

Her new film is quite a hit. 她的新影片十分成功。

hoax n. 骗局;恶作剧;戏弄;玩笑hobby n.业余爱好;癖好

hold (held, held) v.握住;抓紧; 拿着;容纳;短语: hold on 等一下;停住;坚持

例如:Hold on a minute while I get my breath back. 停一停,让我喘口气。

They tried to hold on until help arrived. 他们设法坚持住直到有救援到来。

Hold on to your dream.坚持你的梦想。

hole n.洞;穴

holiday n.假日;节日短语:on holiday 在休假例如:He is on holiday this week. 他本周休息。

home n. & adv. 家;固定住处;例如: He left home at sixteen. 他十六岁是离开了家。

Is there anybody at home? 有人在家吗? Make yourself at home! 不要拘束!

主要考点为home 与family ,house 的区别,和at home, make oneself at home (随便;不拘束) 其相关词homeless无家可归的。

Tom regards Tianjin as his second ___ because he has been here for over ten years .(天津市)

A. family

B. house

C. room

D. home 题解:“Tom 把天津当作他的第二故乡,因为他已经在这儿十多年了。”根据题意应该选“故乡”。A指“家庭及家庭成员”;B指“家庭住宅”;C指“房间”。故选D。homeless adj. 无家的;无家可归的例如: He gave all his money to the homeless. 他把所有的钱都给了无家可归的人。homeland n. 祖国;故乡

home-made adj. 自制的;家里做的

例如:Home-made jam is usually better than the kinds you buy in the shops.自制的果酱通常要比从商店里买的好吃。

homesick adj.想家的;思念家乡的; 例如: He was homesick for France. 他思念祖国法国。

hometown n. 家乡;故乡

homework n.家庭作业;准备工作例如:My little brother is doing his homework.我弟弟在做作业。

homophone n. 同音异形异意词

honest adj.正当的;诚实的an honest businessman 可靠的商人

短语:to be honest 说实话To be honest, I don‘t think we have a chance of winning.说实话,我们没有获胜的可能。

反义词:dishonest

honey n. 蜂蜜

honour ( US honor) n. & v.崇敬;名誉It is a great honour to be invited. 承蒙邀请,十分荣幸。

hoop n. (木头,金属等做的)箍,圈,环hope n. & v. 希望;期望;

近义词辨析:hope和wish hope (that) 指与过去,现在或未来有关的希望

例如:I hope you are ready. 我希望你已经准备好了。We hope you are happy. 我们希望你幸福。

wish (that) 表达的是过去,现在或将来发生了令人遗憾的事。例如:

I wish I could speak Chinese. 我要是会说汉语该多好啊。

hope to do和wish (sb.) to do 此时两者意思较为接近。

She hopes to have a job overseas. 她希望找个海外的工作。意为她有此强烈的愿望并极有可能实现)

She wished to have a job overseas. 她盼望找个海外工作。(是表达她有此愿望的郑重说法)

horse n. 马;马科动物

hospital n. 医院

短语:go to hospital 去医院I‘m going to hospital to visit my friend.我要去医院看望我的朋友。

in the hospital 在医院He works in the hospital. 他在医院工作。

in hospital 有病住院I‘ve never been in hospital.我从未住过医院。

host n. 主人;主持人;主办人员

例如:Mr. and Mrs. Hill are such good host. 希尔先生和夫人招待客人真周到。

The host on tonight‘s show is Liyo ng. 今晚表演节目的主持人是李咏。

v. 主办;主持

例如:Which country is hosting the Games this year? 今年的运动会由哪国主办? Beijing will host the 2008 Olympics. 北京将主办2008年奥运会。

hot adj.(-tter, -ttest)热的;烫的

hotdog n.热狗面包

hotel n.旅馆;旅店staying at/ in a hotel 住旅馆

hour n. 小时;时间an hour 一小时

例如:The film starts at 7:30 and lasts two hours. 影片7:30分开演,演两个小时。house n.住房;住宅例如:I‘m going to my aunt‘s house. 星期日我要去我姨家。housework n.家务活

how adv.怎样;如何;考点很多,注意How long/far/often/soon…的区别。

—___is it form here to the nearest post office?

—I t ‗ s 20 minutes on foot.

A. How long

B. How soon

C. How of t e n

D. How far

题解:A为时间多久,长度有多长;B指多久以后;C指多长时间一次,表示频率;只有D 表示路途有多远。根据题意应选D。however adv. & conj.无论如何; 然而

例如:You won‘t move that stone, however strong you are. 不管你力气有多大,也休想搬动那块石头

She fell ill. She went to work, however, and tried to concentrate. 她病了,然而她照旧去上班,并且尽力集中精神工作。huge adj.极大的;巨大的 a huge elephant巨大的例如:Canada is a huge country. 加拿大是个幅员广大的国家。human n. = human being 人;人类

humid adj. 潮湿的;湿润的

hundred num.一百;百计短语: hundreds of 成百的;许多

主要考点为表示确数时“数字+ hundred”;表示不确切的数量时用“hundreds +of ”There are ___children in our school. (四川眉山市)

A. hundred

B. hundred of

C. three hundred

D. three hundreds (选C ) hunger n. 饿;饥饿例如:He died of hunger. 他饿死了。

hungry adj.饥锇的;挨锇的例如:Let‘s eat soon --- I‘m hungry. 咱们早点吃吧---我饿了。

hurry n. & v. 匆忙;赶快

短语: 1. in a hurry 迅速地;匆忙地例如: She dressed in a hurry. 她迅速穿好衣服。He was in a hurry to leave.他急于离开。

2. hurry up 快些做例如:I wish the train would hurry up and come. 我希望列车快点开来。

hurt (hurt, hurt) v. & n. 使…疼痛;使…受伤; 痛苦;疼痛

例如:Are you badly hurt? 你伤得厉害吗? He hurt his back when he fell. 他跌倒是背部受了伤。

It hurts when I move my leg. 我的腿一动就疼。

husband n. 丈夫

I

I pron. 我

ice n. 冰;冰层

例如:Is the ice thick enough for skating. 这冰的厚度能禁得住在上边滑冰吗?

ice cream n.冰淇淋

ice skating n. 滑冰

ice tea n. 冰茶

ID card n. (ID= identification) 身份证idea n.计划;主意have no idea=not know 不知道

例如:That‘s a good idea. 那是个好主意。He is full of ideas. 他足智多谋。He has no idea how to manage people. 他不知道做人事工作。

ideal adj. 理想的;完美的ideal weather for a holiday 度假的理想天气

if conj 假如;倘若

1.引导条件状语从句―主将从现‖

If it doesn‘t rain, we‘ll have a picnic.如果明天不下雨,我们就去野餐。

I‘ll come at 6 if (it is ) necessary. 如果必要,我6点种来。

2.与过去时连用表示假想的情况

If you learned to type, you would easily find a job.

如果你学过打字,就容易找工作了。

I would come early if I were you. 如果我是你,我就会早点去。

3. 用于ask, know, find out, wonder等之后,引导宾语从句,―是否‖

Do you know if he‘s married? 他结婚没结婚,你知道吗?

中考例:I wonder if I should wear a hat. 我不知道该不该戴帽子。

—When will the sports meeting be held?( 湖北黄冈市)

—It depends on _____it rains the day after tomorrow.

A .when B. if C. why D. that

题解:分析句意“运动会什么时候举行?那要取决于后天是否下雨。”应选B。其余三项不合题意。

ill adj. 不健康的;不适的He‘s been ill for two weeks. 他病了两周了。

illness n.疾病;生病

imagine v.想像;幻想例如:Imagine a house with a big garden. 设想有一所大花园的房子。

Imagine that you are in London. 想象一下你正在伦敦。

immediately adv.立即;马上例如:She answered almost immediately. 她几乎当下就答复了。

impolite adj. 粗鲁的;不礼貌的important adj.重要的;自大的例如:It‘s important for me that you should be here. 你应该在场,这对我来说很重要。importance n. 重要性;重大;重要impossible adj.不可能的例如:It‘s impossible for me to be there before 8:00pm.要我晚上8点前赶到那是根本办不到。impress v. 使感动;给……深刻印象impress sth. on/ upon sb. 使某人铭记某事

例如:The sights of the city impress foreign tourists.外国游客对该市留有深刻的印象。His words impressed on my memory. 他的话铭记在我的记忆里。

improve v.改进;使变得更好;改善;提高in prep.在…里;

短语: 1. in a minute / moment 一会儿,立刻

2. in a word 一句话;简言之

3. in English 用英语

4.in danger 处在危险状态

5. in fact 实际上;事实上

6. in front of 在……的前面

7. be in 在家8. in no time 很快9.in order 按顺序10. in order to 为了…… 11. in some ways 在某些方面12. in surprise 吃惊,惊讶13 in style 时髦的;流行的14. in the air 在空中15. in the end 最后

16. in the open (air) 在野外,在户外17. in the slightest 一点也;根本18. in this way 用这种方法19. in time 及时,来得及

in 在考试中出现的很多。注意掌握有关的词组和用法。

中考例:—Who’s that man ___black?(广东省肇庆市)

—Oh, he is Mr. Brown.

A. in

B. on

C. with

题解:本题考查“in+颜色”表示穿什么颜色的衣服。

The engineer will re turn from Macao ___ a few days. ( 昆明市)

A. since

B. in

C. on

D. after

题解:after 表示“在……之后”时不用在将来时态中。本题考查“in +一段时间”表示“在一段时间后”用在将来时态中。inch n.英寸;水英寸

include v包括;包含例如:The tour

included a visit to the Science Museum.旅游项目中包括参观科学博物馆。

including prep. 包括;包含

例如:The band played many songs, including some of my favorite. 乐队演奏了许多歌曲,包括几首我最喜爱的。

increase v.& n.(使)增加;(使)增长The population has increase from 1.2 million 10 years ago to 1.8 million now.人口从10年前的120万已增加到现在的180万。indeed adv.事实上; 的确

India n.印度

Indian n. & adj. 印度人;印度的

indoors adv. 在室内;往室内

industry n.部门;工业;词组:heavy industry 重工业。light industry 轻工业。inexpensive adj. 不贵的;价廉的influence n.影响;支配力;:Dewey had a lot of influence in shaping economic policy.杜威在制定经济政策上有很大影响力。information n. (U)通告之事;知识;信息;消息

ingredient n. (烹调用的)材料;原料;成分例如:Mix all the ingredient in a bowl. 将调料放在盆里调匀。

injured adj. 受伤的;受损害的an injured leg 受伤的腿

ink n. 墨水;油墨

insect n. 昆虫

inside prep.里面;在…里面

insist v.坚持;例如:Her parents insisted on speaking to the headmistress.她父母坚持要和女校长谈话。

短语:insist on something 坚持做某事。

例如:She will insist on washing her hair just when I want to have a bath.正当我要洗澡的时候,她偏要去洗头。

inspiration n. 灵感;鼓舞人心的人或事物例如:Genius is 10% inspiration and 90% perspiration.天才是10%的灵感加上90%的勤奋。

短语:inspiration to sb. 鼓舞或激励人的人或事She is an inspiration to all of us. 她就是鼓励我们大家的人。instead adv.代替;短语:instead of 代替;而不是例如:Let‘s play cards instead of watching TV. 咱们完纸牌吧,别看电视了。instruction n.命令;使用说明

instrument n. 器具;工具;乐器intelligent adj. 聪明的;有头脑的

intend v.打算;计划; 短语: 1. intend to do sth. 打算做某事。

例如:I intend to get there as soon after 5 as I can.我打算在5点后尽快赶到那里。interest n. & v. 关注;兴趣

interest 兴趣;爱好;使感兴趣与其相关的是interesting 和interested 。主要考点为三者的区别。

中考例:This book is very ___and I am ___in it. (甘肃省)

A. interest; interest

B. interesting; interested

C. interested; interesting

D. interested; interested

题解:interesting 表示事物本身是有趣的; interested 表示某人对……感兴趣。本题就是对这两个词的考查,所以根据题意选B。interested adj.有趣的短语: be interested in 感兴趣例如:I‘m interested in history. 我对历史感兴趣。

interesting adj. 有趣的;引起注意的international n. 国际的;世界性的;

词组: an international peace-keeping force. 国际维和部队。an international conference 国际会议。

Internet n. 网络;因特网

interview n. & v. 面试;采访; interviewer n. 采访者

into prep 到…上;进入…里面introduce v. 介绍,引进;例如:Allow me to introduce my wife. 让我介绍一下,这是我太太。

I was introduced to the manager at the party. 在晚会上有人把我介绍给了经理。introduction n. 介绍;引言

invent v. 发明;首创例如:Laszlo Biro invented the ball-point pen.拉斯洛·拜罗发明了圆珠笔。

invention n. 发明;发明物

inventor n. 发明家

invite v. 邀请;要求invite sb. for sth. / to do sth. 邀请invite sb. for/ to dinner/ to have dinner 邀请某人吃饭

invitation n. 邀请 a letter of invitation 邀请信

iron n.& v. 铁;刚强;例如; Sjpinach is full of iron. 菠菜含有铁元素。have an iron will 有坚强的意志。

island n.岛屿

it prop. 它;主要考点为it作代词时,在句中作形式主语和形式宾语时的用法。

___is really hard ___them to climb Mount Qmolangma .(湖北黄冈市)

A. This; to

B. It; for

C. This; or

D. It; to

题解:本句的真正的主语是“to climb Mount Qomolangma”,而能作形式主语的代词只有it ,所以选B或D。又“对他们来说”应该用“for ”故选B。

its pron. 它的;它自已的

itself pron. 它自已;它本身

J

jacket n. 短上衣;茄克(衫)

January n.一月;元月

Japan n.日本;日本

Japanese n.日本人;日本的

jeans n.牛仔裤;斜纹布裤短语:1.a pair of jeans 一条牛仔裤

job n.工作;任务

join v. 结合;加入;

短语:1.join A to B 连结。e.g. Join one section of pipe to the next. 把一段管道与相邻的管道连接起来。

2.join sb. 在一起,会面或相见。e.g.Ask him to join us for lunch. 请他和我们一起吃午饭。

3.join sth. 参加(某组织)e.g. He joined the Party last year. 他去年入的党。

近义词辨析:attend, join, take part in

attend 是指出席或参加会议、聚会、讲座等; join是加入到某一组织、团体或人群中去,并成为其中的一员;take part in 是参加到某项活动中。

e.g. Did you attend the meeting last Friday? 你参加上周五的会议了吗?

When did you join the club? 你什么时间加入的俱乐部?All the students take part in the party. 所有的学生都参加了聚会。

joke n. 笑话;笑料;v. 开玩笑.

e.g. Don‘t be angry. It‘s just a joke. 别生气,这只不过是个玩笑。

I didn‘t mean any harm. I was just joking. 我并没恶意,我不过开个玩笑。

短语:play a joke on 开某人玩笑 e.g.It‘s impolite to play a joke on others. 开别人玩笑是不礼貌的。

joy n. 欢欣;高兴

juice n.菜汁;果汁

July n.七月

jump v.跳跃;跳动

June n.六月

just adj. & adv正义的;公平的.

短语:just now 现在,刚才

K

kangaroo n. 袋鼠

keep (kept, kept) v. 保存;留有;

短语:1. keep on doing something一直做某事。

e.g.I shouted to him but he just keep on writing. 我向他喊话,可是他一直继续写字。

2. keep out 不许进入,抵挡在外。

e.g.Those trees can keep out the strong wind. 那些树木可以抵御狂风。

3.keep away from 不靠近

4.keep a secret 保守秘密

5.keep a diary 记日记

6.keep+adj. 保持某种状态 e.g. Schools keep closed for about two months in summer. 暑期学校停课约两个月。

7. keep+n. 保存,保管. e.g. Could you keep these books for me, please? 你能替我保管这些书吗?

8. keep off 勿踏; 勿踩

近义词辨析:1.keep doing sth. / keep on doing sth.keep doing sth. 是―继续不停地做某事‖

e.g. They keep working on the problem till 2 o‘clock this morning. 他们就这个问题一直工作到今天凌晨两点钟。

中考例:—How long may I ___these books ?(湖北荆州市)

—Half a month.

A. borrow

B. lend

C. keep

D. get

题解:本题考查keep作“保存”时的用法,可以和一段时间连用。而其他三项都是短暂性动词,不和一段时间连用。

keep on doing sth. 意思是―继续反复做某事‖,on 用来强调动作的反复、持久,有时可以和keep doing sth.互换。

e.g. In the following years, Marx kept on studying English and using it. 此后的几年里,马克思继续学习和应用英语。

2.borrow / keep

borrow属暂短性动词,其动作不能延续,不能和表示时间段的状语连用;而keep可以跟时间段连用。

e.g.You can keep the book for three days. 这本书你可以借三天。

He borrowed the book three days ago. 他是三天前借的这本书。

key n. 钥匙

keyboard n.键盘

kick v. & n.踢;反对

kid n. 小山羊;小孩;. I just want to speak to my kid brother. It‘s none of your business.我只是想和我的弟弟通话,关你什么事。

kill v. & n.杀死;扼杀

kilogram /kilo n.千克

kilometre n.千米;公里

kind n. & adj. 族;种;

king n.君主;国王

kiss n. & v. 吻;轻触

kitchen n.厨房;炊具

kite n.风筝;鸢

knee n. 膝;膝部

knife (pl. knives) n.刀;刀具

knock v. & n.敲;打短语:1. knock into 碰撞 2. knock down 撞倒3. knock at (on) the door 敲门4. a knock at (on) the door 敲门声

know(knew, known) v学会,懂得.知道,了解;

短语:1. be known for 因……而出名。e.g. He is known for his works. 他是因其作品而出名的。

2. be known as 作为……而出名。e.g. Lu Xun was known as a writer.鲁迅作为作家很出名的。

3. know about 了解或知道某事物

4. let sb. know 让某人知道某事物

5.make oneself known to 对……作自我介绍

近义词辨析:know / know of

know 的意思是―知道、认识、熟悉‖e.g. I know his father very well. 我跟他的父亲非常熟悉。

know of 的意思是―知道情况、听说过‖e.g. I know of him, but I don‘t know him.我听说过他,但是我不认识他。

knowledge n.熟悉;知识

L

lab = laboratory n. 实验室

labour n.体力劳动;脑力劳动

lady n. 贵妇人;举止

lake n.湖(泊)

lamb n.羔羊;羔羊肉

lamp n. 灯具;灯台

land [U] 陆地、大地短语:1. be on, reach, come to land 在陆地上、抵达陆地、到陆地

e.g.The journey to the far side of the island is quicker by land than by sea. 走陆路至海岛的另一端比从海路走快捷。

[U] (做某种用途) 土地

2.building land 建筑用地

[U] 田地

[C] 国家

3.my native land 我的祖国

v. 着陆

e.g.The airliner landed safely. 客机安全降落了。

language n. 语言;方言

lap n. 大腿

large adj.大的;巨大的

last adj.最后的;最近的 e.g. December is the last month of the year. 十二月是一年的最后一月。

v. 持续 e.g. How long do you think this fine weather will last? 你认为这样的好天气会持续多久?

近义词辨析:the last / the latest

the last 可指一系列事物中最后一个。 e.g. The last bus leaves at 11:15 p.m. 末班公车晚上11点15分开出。

the latest 意为―最近的‖e.g. She always dressed in the latest fashion. 她总是穿最新款时装。

late adj. 迟的;晚的; e.g.My flight was an hour late. 我那趟航班晚了一个小时。(日夜、时间等)近末尾的短语:1.in the late afternoon 在傍晚

2.in late summer 在夏末(多用于最高级)最新的、最近的短语:1.her latest novel 她最近出版的小说

adv. 晚、迟 e.g.She married late. 她结婚晚。

短语:1. late into the night 到深夜。e.g.They danced late into the night. 他们一直跳舞到深夜。

2. be late for ……迟到。

later adv.迟地;晚地;

短语:1. later on 后来,以后。2.sooner or later 迟早

lately adv. 近来、不久前 e.g. Have you seen her lately? 你最近见过她吗? laugh n. & v. 笑;发笑短语: laugh at sb./ sth. 因…而发笑、嘲笑。

law n.法律;法令

lay (laid, laid) v.把…放在表面上;(鸟、虫等)产卵

e.g. He laid his hand on my shoulder. 他把手放在我的肩上。

The cucko o lays its eggs in other birds‘ nets. 杜鹃在别的鸟巢中产卵。

lazy adj.偷懒的;懒散的

lead (led, led) v.带领…走

短语:1. lead sb. to sth. 引导某人、影响某人的言行 e.g.What led you to this conclusion? 你是怎样得出这结论的?

2. lead to sth. 导致某种结果 e.g.This misprint led to great confusion. 这个印刷错误造成了很大的混淆。

3. lead sb. to do 导致某人做某事

e.g.What led you to think so? 什么使你这样想?

4. lead to sp. 通向,引领 e.g.The road leads to the biggest room. 这条路通向最大的房间。

5. lead a … life 过着…的生活

leader n.领导;首领

leading adj. 最重要的,主要的

leaf (pl. leaves) n. 叶子

learn (learnt, learnt) v.学习;记住;短语: 1. learn from… 向…学习 2.learn by oneself 自学

近义词辨:learn / study

learn 和study 都有―学习‖的意思,有时可以互换使用。

e.g. I began to study/learn English 20 years ago. 我是20年前开始学英语的。

learn 多指初学或者是带有模仿性的操作技艺的学习,侧重于学习的结果,多指―学会‖。

e.g.He is learning English from the teacher. 他正跟老师学英语。study 侧重于学习的过程,有时指较为高深的或周密的研究或研究性学习。e.g.He is studying the maths problem.他正在研究数学问题。

learner n. 学习者

legend n. 传说

lemon n. 柠檬

least n.最小的;很小的;短语:1.at least 至少,起码。

e.g. You might at least tell me first before you do the work.干那项工作之前,你至少也该先告诉我一声。

leave (left, left) v. 离开;出发;未拿,未带e.g.It‘s time for us to leave. 我们该走了。

I‘ve left my gloves on the bus. 我把手套落在公车上了。

短语:1. leave A for B 离开A地去B地leave 为瞬间动词,若跟时间段需用be

away。

e.g. He left three days ago. 他是三天前走的。He has been away for three days. 他走三天了。

2. leave behind 不带走、遗留 e.g.Don‘t leave me behind. 带我一起走。

3.leave off 中断、停止 e.g.We leave off (work) at 5. 我们5点收工。

4. leave sb. alone 把某人单独留下e.g.The little boy is often left alone at home. 那个男孩常被单独留在家。

5.leave for 出发去某地

主要考点为作为“遗忘”时和“forget”的区别运用。

中考例:He is so careless that he always ___his school things at home.(陕西省)

A. forgets

B. forgot

C. leaves

D. left 题解:“他是那么粗心以至于总是把学习用品忘在家里”。根据时态应选A/C 。又因为“把某物遗忘在某地方”用leave 而不用forget.故选C。

left adj. & n.左边的;激进的

leg n.腿

lemonade n. 柠檬汁.

lend (lent, lent) v. 出租;借给

短语:1. lend sth. to sb.= lend sb.sth.

e.g.Could you please lend your pen to me?= Could you please lend me your pen?

近义词辨析:lend / borrow / keep

lend 是指说话人把东西借给别人用,常用lend sth. to sb. ;borrow 指说话人向别人借东西供自己用,常用borrow sth. from sb.; 而keep 表示借用多久。e.g.How long will you keep the book? 这本书你将借多久?

less adj.更小的;较小的

lesson n. 课;课时

let (let, let) v. 允许;让;短语:1.let sb. down 使… 失望或沮丧 2. let…in 让……进来,放进

近义词辨析:let‘s / let us

let‘s 是let us 的缩写,包括听话人在内,往往用来邀请、建议对方一起做某事,附加问句往往使用shall we.

e.g.Let‘s go home right now, shall we? 咱们现在就回家,好吗?

Let us 往往用来请求听话人许可自己做某事,不包括听话人在内,附加问句往往使用will you.

e.g.Let us go home, will you? 让我们回家吧,好吗?

letter n.字母;书信

level n.水平线;水平面;

e.g. Students at this level tend to have a lot of problems with grammar.这一水平的学生在语法上会有很多问题。

librarian n.图书管理人员

library n.藏书;图书馆

license n.(=licence) 执照,许可证

lie n. & v. (lied,lied) (lying) 说谎e.g. He‘s lying. 他在说谎。短语:1.lie to sb. about sth.

v. (lay,lain) (lying) 躺,平卧 e.g.Don‘t lie in bed all morning. 别一上午都躺在床上。短语:lie down 躺一会,躺下

近义词辨析:lie / lay

lie 表示―说谎‖e.g. He lied about his age to join the army. 他为了参军谎报了年龄。

lay (laid,laid) (laying) 表示―放在某个面上‖ e.g. She laid her dress on the bed to keep it neat.她把连衣裙放在床上以保持平整。

n. 谎言

短语:1.be full of lies 一派胡言 2.tell a lie 说谎

life [U].生命短语:1.the origins of life on earth 地球上生命的起源

[U] 生物,活物 e.g.Is there life on Mars? 火星上有生物吗?

[U] 生活 e.g.He doesn‘t want much from life. 他对生活所求不多。

[C] 性命(lives) e.g.Three lives were lost in the accident. 事故中有三人丧生。

[C] 一生,终身,终生 e.g.She lived her whole life in the country. 她在农村度过一生。

lift v. 举起;提高

n. 电梯短语:1.take the lift 搭电梯2.give sb. a lift 搭顺风车

light adj.& n &.v. 轻便的;自然光,光亮;

点燃,照亮

短语:1.light bulb 电灯泡

lighting n. 光线

like v. 喜欢;喜爱;

句型:1. How do you like…?你觉得……怎么样?

e.g.How do you like going shopping with us?你觉得和我们一起去买东西怎么样?

2. look like 看起来像。 e.g.It looks like snowing. 看起来像是在下雪。

line n.线;线条

lion n.狮子;知名人士

list n. 名单;目录

listen v. 听;倾听短语:1.listen to 听

little adj. 小的;少的;n. 少许,一会儿, adv. 很少

主要考点为little表示否定含义“几乎没有”, a little表示肯定含义“一点,少量的”,两者后接不可数名词。经常和(a)few 同时出现在备选答案中。

There is still ___ water in the bottle. It’s enough for both of us. ( 北京市东城区) A. little B. a little C. few D. a few

题解:根据后面一句“足够我们两个喝。”知道应选肯定的意思,又water是不可数名词. 故选B。

litter v. & n.废物;垃圾

live v. 活着;居住短语:1. live on .靠吃……生存。e.g.Sheep live on grass.羊以草为生。

lively adj. 活跃的;生动的

local adj. 当地的,地方的

lock n. & v. 锁;船闸

London n.伦敦

lonely adj.孤独的;寂寞的

long adj.长的;久的

look v. .看望;打量;

短语1. look after 照看,照顾。e.g. My friend looked after my cat while I was on holiday.在我去度假的时候,我的朋友照料我的猫。2. look at 看。e.g. May I have a look at it please? 请让我看一看好吗?

3. look for 寻找。e.g. Mother is looking for her gloves. 母亲在找她的手套。

4.look up 查(字典),查找。e.While reading, do not look up the new words in the dictionary all the time. 阅读时,不要老是查字典。

5.look back on 回顾 e.g.She always looks back on his childhood. 她总是回顾童年。

6. look down on sb / sth. 鄙视,看不起

e.g.She looks down on people who‘ve never been to university. 她瞧不起没上过大学的人。

7.look forward to sth. / doing sth. 期待

e.g.We‘re so much looking forward to seeing you again. 我们非常盼望再见到你。

8.look into 调查,观察 e.g. A working party has been set up to look into the problem. 已成立工作组调查该问题。

9. look out 留心 e.g.Look out for pickpockets. 小心扒手。

10. look over 检查

e.g.We must look over the house before we decide to rent it. 我们必须先察看一下这所房子再决定租不租。

11.look round 参观、游览 e.g. Shall we look round the cathedral this afternoon? 我们今天下午参观大教堂好吗?

12. look through 快速阅读 e.g. She looked through her notes before the exam. 考前她匆匆看了一眼笔记。

13. look like 像… 的样子 e.g. It looks like salt and it is salt. 看着像盐也的确是盐。14. look ahead 向前看,展望未来

lookout n. 守望,远景

lose (lost, lost) v. 丧失;丢失

短语:1. lose one‘s life 丧生 e.g.He lost his life in an accident. 他在车祸中丧生。

2. lose touch with sb./ sth. 失去联系

e.g.I‘ve lost my touch with all my old friends. 我和所有的老朋友都失去了联系。

3. lose one‘s way 迷路 e.g.We lost our way in the dark. 我们在黑暗中迷路了。

4. lose oneself in sth. 专心致志于某事 e.g.I soon lost myself in the film. 电影很快吸引了我。

5. lose heart 泄气,丧失信心 e.g. Don‘t

lose your heart, you‘re the best! 别泄气,你是最棒的!

lot n. 大量;很多

loud adj. & adv. 大声的;喧闹的

e.g. oud voices,screams,laughs 洪亮的嗓音、喊声、笑声

Speak louder, I can‘t hear you. 大点声说,我听不见。

近义词辨析:loud / loudly / aloud

loud 指说话声、笑声等;

loudly 强调声音高,喧闹,不悦耳;

aloud 只是为人听见而发音。e.g. Someone knocked loudly at the door. 有人大声敲门。He called aloud for help. 他高声喊叫求救。love v. & n.爱;喜爱

lovely adj. 美丽的;可爱的

low adj. & adv. 低的;矮的

luck n.运气;造化

luckily adv. 交好运地;幸运地

lucky adj. 交好运的;幸运的

lunch n. 午餐

lyric n. (常用复数形式)歌词,抒情词句

M

machine n. 机器;机械

mad adj. 神经错乱的;疯狂的

短语:1. go mad with sth. 因某事而发狂。e.g. Hearing the good news, he almost went mad with joy.听到那个好消息,他欣喜若狂。

2. be mad about 对……入迷。

e.g. Most of the young students are mad about pop music. 绝大多数青年学生对流行音乐着迷。

3. be mad at 对……恼火。

e.g.The manager was mad at his speech.经理对他所说的话很恼火。

madam/madame n. 夫人;女士

magazine n. 杂志;期刊

magic adj. & n. 魔法;巫术

mail n.邮件;邮包

main adj. 主要的;首要的

mainly adv. 主要地,首要地

make (made, made) v. 创造;做

近义词辨析:make / produce / do / let

1.make, produce, 作―生产、制造‖讲时,二者可以互换。

e.g. They produce cars in the factory.(They make cars in the factory)这家工厂生产轿车。

2. make 与do 二者表示不同的―做‖,通常说做一个动作,用do来表示,而做一种以前并不存在的东西,则用make

e.g. --What are you doing? 你在做什么? --I‘m cooking. 我在包饺子。

3. make与let ―让……‖的意思。Let一词含有提出建议的意思,而make一词则带有强制性,命令的意味。

e.g.Mum let me stay at home last night.昨晚妈妈让我呆在家里。

短语:1. make (good)use of 好好利用

e.g. We should make good use of the knowledge we have. 我们应该充分利用我们的知识。

2. make a contribution to 贡献给,捐赠

3.make a decision 做出决定

4.make a mistake 犯错误

5.make a telephone call (to )(给……)打电话

6. make a face 做鬼脸

7. make friends 交朋友

8. make sure 确保,确认

9. make up 组成,占。

e.g.Are all animal bodies made up of cells? 所有动物的身体都是细胞组成的吗?

10.make up for 祢补,补偿。e.g.Hard work can often make up for a lack of intelligence. 勤能补拙。

11.make up one‘s mind 下决心。e.g.We make up our mind to study hard. 我们决心好好学习。

12. be made of 由……组成。(看得出原料)

e.g.My table is made of wood. 我的桌子是木头制成的。

13. be made from由……组成。(看不出原料)

e.g.Wine is made from grapes. 葡萄酒是葡萄酿成的。

14. make noise 发出令人不愉快的声音

15.make one‘s living 谋生 e.g.He makes his living by giving piano lessons. 他以教授钢琴为生。

man (pl. men) n. 人;成年男子

manage v. 组织;管理

manager n.经理;经纪人

manatee n. 海牛

mangrove n. 红树,红树林

manner n. 礼貌,风格,习惯

注意:作―礼貌,风格,习惯‖解时,通常用复数:good/ bad manners 有/没有礼貌。e.g. It‘s bad manners to laugh at people. 嘲笑别人是不礼貌的。

作―方式、方法‖及―态度‖解时,常用单数;表示方式或方法时,用介词in。

e.g. I don‘t like his manner. 我不喜欢她的态度。He objected in a forceful manner. 他表示坚决反对。

many ( more, most) pron. & adj. 许多;大量的;

短语:1. a great/good many 非常多的,很多的。e.g.A great many people took part in the match.许多人参加了比赛。

2.many a 许多(与单数名词连用,谓语动词也用单数)。e.g.Many a man was killed in the traffic accident. 许多人死于车祸。

map n. 地图;路线图

March n.三月

mark n. & v.痕迹;污点;记号

market n.市场;集市;短语:1. the money market 金融市场。 2. the stock market 证券市场

marriage n.结婚;婚姻

marry v.结婚;嫁娶

短语:1.marry sb. 和某人结婚 e.g.John is going to marry Jane. 约翰将要和简结婚。2. be/get married 结婚e.g.They got married last month. 他们上个月结婚了。

3. be/get married to 跟某人结婚 e.g.He is going to get married to her. 他要和她结婚。Mars n. 火星

master n. 主人;户主;v. 掌握

match v. & n. 竞赛;比赛

material n. 材料,物质,原料 e.g. We use high-quality raw material for our goods. 我们的产品是用优质原料制造的。

I have enough material to make two dresses. 我有够做两件连衣裙的料子。

maths n. 数学

matter n.物质;材料;麻烦,毛病短语: 1. no matter 不论,不管

2. as a matter of fact 事实上,其实。e.g. As

a matter of fact, he didn‘t care about death and life.事实上,他根本没考虑生死问题。

may modal v. 表示;可能

May n.五月

maybe adv. 或许;大概

me pron. 我

meal n. 餐;饭食

mean (meant, meant) v. 意欲;打算meaning n. 意思;含义

meat n. 肉;实质

medical adj. 医学的;内科的短语:1.medical research 医学研究medicine n.医学;药短语:1.take the medicine 吃药

meet (met, met) v.碰见;相逢

meeting n. 聚会;相会

melon n.瓜;甜瓜

member n. 成员;会员

memorize v. 记忆,背诵 e.g.She can memorize facts quickly. 她能很快记住许多资料。

memory n. 记忆力;记性;

mend v.修补;修理;

近义词辨析:mend / repair repair 多用于建筑、机器、车辆等。

mend 则一般用于衣服、鞋袜等小东西,偶尔也用于道路、门窗等。e.g. My watch doesn‘t work. Can you repair it for me?

我的手表不转了,你能帮我修修吗? Please mend the road as quickly as possible. 请尽快把路修好。

mention n. & v 提及;说到

message n. 消息;音信 e.g.There is no message from him till now.直到现在还没有他的消息。

短语: 1. leave a message 留个口信。

2. send a message 发信息

3. get the message 明白,理解

metal n. & adj.金属;钢轨

method n. 方法;条理

metre n. 米;公尺

microwave n. & adj. 微波(的)短语: 1.microwave oven 微波炉

middle adj. & n. 中间的;中等的;中间、中央

近义词辨析:middle / center

middle ―中间‖,―中部‖多指面;可适用于空间与时间。

e.g. In the middle of the park there is a spring.在公园的中部有一眼泉水(不一定正中心)。center ―中心‖多指点;只用于空间概念。e.g. At the center of the park there is a spring 在公园的中心处有一眼泉水。

might v. & aux.许可;本该

mile n. 英里;

milk n.奶;乳汁

million n. 百万

短语:1.millions of 数以百万计的

mind v. & n. 意思;感情;

短语:1. change one‘s mind 改变主意。

e.g. Why did he change his mind?Do you know?他为什么改变了主意?你知道吗?

2. make up one‘s mind 下决心。

3. mind + doing 用来客气地提出请求.

4. mind + sb‘s + doing 用来提出询问征求对方意见。

5. come to one‘s mind 出现于某人的脑海中,想起,记起。

e.g. Seeing the photo,the wonderful time they spent together came to his mind.

看到相片,他便想起了他们一起度过的好时光。

6. never mind 不要紧,没关系。

7.keep one‘s mind on sth. 继续专心于某事

8. Out of sight, out of mind.眼不见,心不烦。句式:Would you mind doing …? 做…你介意吗?

其否定形式为:Would you mind not doing sth?

Of course not./ Certainly not. I‘m sorry, but…

mine pron., n. & v. 我的;矿井,矿石;采掘,采矿minute n.分

mirror n. 镜子;短语:1. look at oneself in the mirror 照镜子。

e.g. She looked at herself in the mirror again and again, she found she was old.她一遍又一遍的照镜子,她发现自己老了。

Miss n.女士;小姐

miss v. 未达到,未碰见;思念,想念mistake (mistook,mistaken) v. & n. 过失;误解;

短语:1. make a mistake 犯错误

2. there is no mistake 毫无疑问e.g. There is no mistake that he has got the key.毫无疑问他已经找到了钥匙。

3. by mistake 搞错,弄错e.g.He took my schoolbag by mistake.他拿错了我的书包。

4.mistake A for B 把A误认为是B

model n. 模型;雏形

modern adj.近代的;现代的

mom (mum) n. 妈妈

moment n. 片刻;瞬间

Monday n. 星期一

money n. 金钱;货币;金额;短语: 1. make money 挣钱。e.g.He is good at making money.他很会挣钱。

2. save money 省钱。e.g. Lily began to save money because she wants to buy a new house.莉莉开始省钱了,因为她想买房子。

3. pocket money 零用钱。e.g. Our monitor always has much pocket money. 我们班长总是有很多零花钱。

monitor n.监察人;班长

monkey n. 猴;淘气鬼

month n. 月

moon n. 月球;月亮

more adj., adv. & n. 更大的;大多数的;

短语: 1. more than 多于…… e.g.More than one person has helped him. 不止一人帮助过他。

2. no more (= not… any more) 不再

e.g.Time lost will no more return.时间一去不复返。

3.no more than 不过,仅仅。

e.g.He had no more than one yuan with him. What could he buy his wife for her birthday? 他身上只有一元钱,他能给他妻子买点什么生日礼物呢?4.not more than 不超过;

e.g. He worked hard on and on,but the boss paid him not more than ten yuan a day.他不停地卖力工作,但老板每天至多付他十元钱。

5.more and more 越来越……

6.more or less 或多或少e.g.What you have done will more or less be helpful to us.你所做的一切或多或少将对我们有帮助。

7. the more…the more…越……越……e.g.The more we pay, the more we gain. 付出的越多,得到的越多。

morning n. 早晨;上午

most adj. 最大的;大多数的;短语:1.at (the) most 至多,不超过。

mother n.母亲;妈妈

motorcycle n. 摩托车;

mountain n. 山岳;山

mouse n. (pl. mice) 鼠;懦夫

mouth n. 嘴;口

move v. 搬家;移动;使某人感动

e.g. The Blacks moved to Shanghai last month.上个月布莱克一家搬到了上海。

The story of their sufferings moved us deeply. 他们的苦难深深地打动了我们。movement n. 移动;活动

movie n.电影;影片

Mr. (mister) n. 先生

Mrs. (mistress) n. 夫人;太太

Ms n. 女士

much adj. 多的;大量的短语:1. too much 相当多(后面接不可数名词)

e.g.There is too much snow in Harbin in winter.在哈尔滨,冬天雪非常多。

2.much too 实在,太(后接形容词、副词)。

e.g. They are much too busy. Let‘s go and help them. 他们实在太忙了,我们去帮助他们吧。

3.how much 多少。e.g.How much milk does the little boy have a day? 这个小孩一天喝多少牛奶?

murder v. 谋杀;凶杀

museum n博物馆;博物院music n.音乐;音乐作品

must modal v. 必须;必要

my pron. 我的

myself pron.我自己的

mysterious adj. 神秘的,不可思议的mystery n. 神秘的事物,迷

N

neck n.颈项;脖子:短语:1.neck and neck (在赛马,竞争或斗争中)双方势均力敌

need v.

短语:1. need do sth 需要做某事(是情态动词)

eg. Yo u don‘t look well, I think you need see a doctoe.你看起来不舒服,我认为你应该去看医生。

2 need to do sth 需要做某事(是实意动词) eg. We need to help the poor students go to college我们应该帮助穷苦的学生念大学。

3 need doing sth 需要做某事(是实意动词,在这个句型中有被动的含义,且主语通常是物)

eg.The flowers need watering .花需要浇水了。

n. 需求;需要;要求

neither adj. 两者均不;

短语:1.neither…nor…在neither…nor 结构中谓语动词遵循就近原则。即:谓语的单复数与最邻近的主语保持一致。

eg. Neither you nor your brother has given the right answer.

/ Neither your brother nor you have given the right answer. 不管你还是你弟弟都错了。

2 neither of …. 两者均不eg.Neither of the twins is Chinese .双胞胎都不是中国人。never adv. 从不;永不;

短语:1.never mind 别介意,没关系

next adj. adv. & n. 邻近的;隔壁的

短语:1.next to 挨着eg. Peter sat next to me .比德挨着我坐。

no adv. & adj. 不;没有;

短语:1.no longer 不再.eg.I‘m no longer a child.我已不再是一个孩子了。

2.no more than 不多于。

3. no more 不再

4. no sooner 刚……就……;eg.No sooner said than done. 说了就做。

5.no way 不行,没门。

noise n噪音;声音;喧闹声. 短语: 1.make noise 制造噪音

none pron. 没有;

近义词辨析:none / no one

no one 用于指人,不与of短语连用;none 用与指人或物,可与of短语连用,eg. No one told us about that. 没人告诉我那件事。/None of them have arrived.他们中谁也没到。north adj. & n. 北的;北方的;北方;

短语:1.in the north 在……北部(内部): eg. Shenyang is in the north of China .沈阳在中国的北方。

2. to the north 在……北方(不相接)eg. Japan is to the north of China.日本在中国的北面。

3.on the north 在……北方(相接)e.g.Jilin Province is on the north of Liaoning Province. northern adj. 北部的;北方的

number n. 数;数码;

短语:1. a number of 许多eg.A number of studnets are ill because of that heavy rain. 许多学生都因为大雨而生病了.

2. the number of 的数量eg.The number of the students in my class is 55.我班学生的数量是55人。(注意谓语动词应用单数)

3 wrong number (电话用语) 打错了

O

ocean n. 海洋;

短语:1.an ocean of (oceans of )大量的eg. An ocean of visitors will visit our China in 2008.大量的游人在2008年会来中国参观。

of 起源;原因短语: 1.of course 当然

off prep 短语: 1.have…off …休息eg. Nowadays people have two days off every week .如今人们每周都休息两天。

offer v. & v.提供;供销售

短语:1 offer tea 上茶2 offer sb sth =offer sth to sb提供某人某物eg.The man will offer us the money .eg.The man will offer money to us .那个男人会提供我们资金。

on prep.在上面;在……期间;

短语:1. on time 准时 2.on foot 步行

3.later on 之后不久

4.on show 展出(on display)

5.on the other hand 另一方面;eg. On the other hand, it is not important to us at all. 另一方面,对我们来说根本不重要。

6.on a hot day 在炎热的一天

7.on the right 在右边

8.on the school trip 学校郊游9.on weekends 在周末

10.on vacation 在假期11.on my exchange program 在我做交换生期间

12.on stage 在舞台上13.on school nights 学校郊游

one num. & pron.一个的;短语:

1.one …the other 一个另一个

e.g.I have two rulers, one is long, the other is short.我有两个格尺,一个是长的,另一个是短的。

open adj. & v. 开着的;敞开的短语:1.open up 打开

eg.:computers help us to open up our eyes to the outside world .电脑帮助打开了我们对外面世界的眼界。

opinion n.;短语:1. in one‘s opinion 以某人的意见eg. In my opinion, she should stay at home .依我看,她应该待在家里。order v.要求;订购;(n. 顺序);

短语:1.in order to 为了……;eg.:She got up early in order to catch the bus.为了能赶上车她起得很早。

other pron. & adj. 另一个,不同的;其他的

短语:1 each other 相互 2 the other day 前几天某日

out adv 外面的短语:1.out of style 过时的

over prep & adv. 全部地;折过来

短语:1.over an open fire 在火上 2.over the world 全世界 3.over 200 years 200多

年了

own adj. v. 属于自己的;短语:1.of one‘s own 属于自己的;eg.She has a house of her own.她拥有自己的房子。

owner n. 所有者;

P

pair n. 一对;一副短语:1.a pair of 一副

part n.部分;局部;

短语:1. take part in …参加……;eg. Shall we take part in the meeting ? 我们可以参加会议吗?

2. take the part of 支持;eg. Most of the women took the part of Martin Brown. 绝大多数妇女支持马丁布朗。

3. part-time adj. 业余的。

pass v.前行;通过;经过

短语1. pass the message to sb 传递某人信息

2.pass on 传递

3.pass sb sth =pass sth to sb 传递某人某物pay (paid, paid) v.付钱;偿还;

短语:1. pay for 付给,支付;

2. pay a visit (to) 访问;eg. When can they pay a visit to the headmaster?他们什么时候能访问校长?

3. pay attention to 注意:

eg. Why didn‘t you pay attention to the question mark?你为什么不注意问号呢? permission n.

短语:1 without permission 没经过允许2 ask sb‘s permission 请求某人允许

pick v. 精选;采摘;挑选;

短语:1.pick up 拾起。eg. There is a pen on the floor. Let me pick it up.地上有支笔,我来捡。

主要考点为pay/spend/cost/take 作为“花费”时的区别运用。

What a beautiful sweater! How much did you ___ for it?(南京市)

A. take

B. cost

C. pay

D. spend

题解:考查“pay for sth.”的用法。选C。pity n.同情;遗憾;短语:1. feel pity for 同情。eg. I felt pity for the poor man. 我同情可怜的男人。

2. What a pity ! 真遗憾eg. It‘s a pity that you can‘t come to our party.真遗憾你不能来参加我们的聚会。

place n. & v. 地点;场所;

短语;1. take place 发生。eg. The football match took place last night. 足球比赛在昨晚进行。

2. take the place of 取代……。eg. Who can take the place of him when he is out? 他不在时谁能代替他?

3. places of interest 名胜,警区。

eg. We have visited many places of interest inChina.我们已游览过许多中国的名胜。plan n. & v. 方法;方案短语: 1.make a plan 做计划2.plan to do sth 计划做某事

play v.玩;娱乐;戏弄

短语:1.play football 踢足球2.play the piano 弹钢琴

3.play with 玩

4.play sports 做运动

5.play the CDs too loud 播放CD太大声plenty adj. 短语:1.plenty of 大量的

point v.指点;指出;(n. 点;);短语:1. point to 指向,(较远之物)。

eg. He pointed to the woman under the tree and said,―She is our new teacher.‖他指着树下那个女的说:―他是我们的新老师。

2. point at 指向(较近之物)eg.―Beijing is here.‖ he pointed at the map and said .―北京在这儿‖他指着地图说。

3. point out 指出:eg. The teacher pointed out his mistakes. 老师指出了他的错误。practice n. 习惯行动;练习;

短语:1.put into practice 实施,实行。

2.practice makes perfect. 熟能生巧。practise v.经常做;练习;实践;短语: 1.practice doing sth 练习做某事

eg. I often practice speaking english at home .我经常在家练习说英语。

prefer v

短语:1. perfer …to .. 比… 更喜欢eg. I

prefer red to blue.比起兰色,我更喜欢红色。

2.perfer doing to doing比做某事更喜欢做某事

eg. I prefer to playing football to playing v olleyball,比起打排球我更喜欢题足球。prepare v.准备;预备

短语:1.prepare for… 为…而准备eg. The parents are preparing for the coming new year.父母们正在为新年做准备。

price n.价格;价钱

短语:1.at any price 不论价格高底。eg. I want to buy the book at any price. 不管多少钱,我也要买那本书。

problem n.问题;难题短语: 1.no problem 没问题

promise n. & v. 承诺;保证

短语:1.keep a promise 遵守诺言:eg. He never keeps his promise. Don‘t believe him. 2.break a promise 不守诺言,违背诺言: eg. You shouldn‘t break your promise.We all think you are a good boy.你不该违背诺言。我们都信为你是个好孩子。

proper adj.精确的;正确的

短语:1.at proper time 在适当的时间

proud adj. 自豪的;荣幸的

短语:1.be proud of 为… …而骄傲(自豪),常用于eg. We‘re proud of our motherland.我们为祖国而自豪。

2.be proud about … …而骄傲(自豪),常用于贬义:eg. We‘re nothing to be pro ud about. 我们没有什么值得骄傲的。

provide v.供应;提供

短语:1.provide sb with sth 提供某人某物2.provide sth for sb提供某人某物

public adj. & n.公共的

短语:1.in public 在公共场合 2.the public 大众

purpose n.目的;意图短语:短语: 1.on purpose 故意的

put (put, put) v.放置;实施

短语:1.put away 收起来,放好:eg. You‘d better put away your things. 你最好把东西放置好。

2.put on 穿上,戴: eg. He put on his coat and went out.他穿上外套,出去了。

3.put into 把… …译成… …:eg. Can you put the story into Chinese.你能把社个故事译成中文吗?

4.put off 推迟,拖延:eg. We‘ll have to put off the meting till Friday. 我们不得不把会议推迟到周五。

5.put up 张贴,挂起:eg. Put up the map on the wall,please.请把地图贴在墙上。

Q

question n.问题;疑问

短语:1.beside the question 离题,在问题之

2.out of the question 没问题,毫无疑问

3.out of the question 不可能的,办不到的。

4.put a question to sb.向某人担问题

5.without question 毫无疑问

R

rabbit n. 野兔;猪兔

race n.比赛;赛跑; 人种,种族

短语:1.relay race 接力赛

2.a race against time 和时间赛跑

v. 参加速度竞赛

3/ ~against /with sb

radio n.收音机;无线电广播

短语:1.on the radio /by radio 通过无线电railway n. 铁路;铁道

rain v.下雨;降雨

短语:1.rain out 因雨而中断:

e.g.The game was rained out.比赛因雨暂停举行。

2.as right as rain 非常健康

3.比较rain heavily/heavy rain

n. e.g. Don‘t go out in the rain.不要冒雨出去

Come in out of the rain. 快进去别让雨淋着。

Adj rainy 下雨的,多雨的

相关词汇: raincoat 雨衣rainbow 彩虹rainfall降雨量rainless 无雨天

raise v.暗举起;使升高

短语:1.raise one‘s eyes 举目观看

2.raise one‘s voice against sb/sth坚决的发言而反对某人或某事物。

rapid adj.快的;迅速的;急促的

rat n.老鼠;叛徒

短语:1.look like a drown rat 湿的像落汤鸡2.the rat race激烈的竞争

rather adv. 宁可;最好

短语:1.would/had rather…than 宁愿… …而不愿:

e.g.He would/had rather stay at home than go out.他宁愿呆在家也不愿出门

2.rather…than 与其… …倒不如,不是… …而是:

e.g. He‘d rather drink boiled water than coffee. 他宁愿喝开水也不愿喝咖啡。

e.g. He is an artist rather than a philosopher.与其说他是个哲学家不如说他是个艺术家注意:

注意:would rather…than 词组中,后面接动词原形,但当would rather 后跟从句,从句谓语要用虚拟语气,即用过去时表示现在或将来要做的事:

e.g.I would rather that we stopped now.我宁可现在停下来。

reach v.伸出;延伸;到达相当于短语:1.get to / arrive in/arrive at

2.reach one‘s hand 出手

3.reach sb. Sth. 给某人某物

4.with easy reach of 在容易达到… …的地方:在… …的附近

read (read, read) v.读;阅读;

短语:1. read sth. (to sb.) 读,朗读;e.g. He was reading silently to himself. 他正在默读。

2. read about / of sb. / sth. 借助阅读发现某人(某事)的情况。

e.g. I read about / of her in today‘s paper.我在今天的报纸上读到关于她的消息。

3. read …aloud 朗读e.g. The teacher asked the strdents to read the text aloud after class.教师叫学生们在课后朗读课文

ready adj. (-ier -iest) 有准备的;乐意的look ready to do sth 即将做某事

短语:1.be ready to do sth 决心/乐于做什么2.be ready for sth 为。而准备好。

real adj.现实的;真实的。非模仿的,真的。adv非常;的确 e.g. I‘m real sorry. 我非常抱歉

词型转换:realism 现实主义realist 现实主义者realistic 现实主义的reality真实性realise (realize) (不用于被动语态)n.& v 意识;认知;意识到;认识到.

近义词辨析:realize / understand

这两个词是近义词,在一起比较一般和含义是―意识到‖,―弄明白‖,常常可以互换使用。

e.g. You don‘t understand / realize what a difficult position I‘m in. 你不会明白我的处境多么困难。

realize 也可以表示―实现‖:e.g. The Chinese people are sure to realize the modernization of their country.中国人民必将实现国家现代化。understand 也可以表示―听懂,理解‖e.g. The English understnd them.

英国人说话都能互相听懂,可是他们讲话我却听不懂。

really adv. 事实上;实际上

reason v. & n.动机;原因;理由

短语:1.reason for sth/doing sth

2.reason to do sth 有某事的原因

思考理解推理e.g.He reasoned that if we started at dawn, we would be there by noon. 3.reason sth out

receive v.接收;收到;接受;

短语:1.receive sth from sb

2.receive a letter from sb = hear from sb

adj 公认为正确而普遍接受的

3.received opinion

n. receiver 接受者,电话听筒

recently adv.新近的;近代的adj. recent 短语:1.a recent talk

recite v. 背诵;描述

record v.记录;记载

短语:1.record sth from sth/ on eg .record music from radio record music on tape

2. record of sth

3.on record 记载下来的

4.keep/ hold the record 保持记录

5. break the record 打破记录

recorder n. 记录仪;兼职法官

red adj.红的;红色的

refuse v.拒绝;回绝(反)accept

n.废物。垃圾

n refusal 拒绝the refusal 优先取舍权regard v.注意;考虑;

短语:1. regard sb. /sth as. 将某人(某事)视为。e.g.We regard your action as a crime.我们认为你的这种行为是犯罪。

regret n. & v.遗憾;抱歉;后悔短语: 1.give/sent one‘s regrets

adj regretful 痛惜的悔恨的regretable 另人痛惜的另人遗憾的

relation n. 关系;关联

短语:1.~ between sth and sth

adj relaxed 有关的,相关联的

2.~ to sb/sth

relax v. 松懈;缓和

词型转换:relaxing 另人放松的relaxed 放松的be relaxed about rules

remain v.遗留;留下;( 通常不用于进行时态)

短语:1.remain + adj 持续某种状态remember v.牢记;记得

短语:1.remember doing sth 记得做过某事2.remember to do sth记得要做某事

repair n. & v. 修补;修理= mend / fix up repeat v&n. 重说;重做;重复

短语:1.repeat sth to sb 向某人转述某件事adj.

词型转换:repeated 反复做的可复述的repeatable 可重复的可复述的

reply v.回答;答复

短语:1.reply to sb/ sth 2.give a reply to report n.报告;记录

短语:1.report on sb/sth to sb/ sth

词型转换:n. reporter

require v.需要;规定(不用于进行时态) e.g. All cars requires servicing reqularly

词型转换:n. requirement

短语:1.make some requirements

research n.研究;探讨

短语:1.research into /on sth

2.research on sb

rest n. & v. a。休息;睡眠

短语:1.have / take a (good)rest 2.rest from sth

3.come to rest 停止,不再移动

b.其余剩余的部分

4.the rest of 其谓语动词随所接名词的变化而变化

restaurant n.餐馆;饭店

result n.后果;结果

短语:1.as a result of 作为。的结果

retell v. 再讲;重述

return v.回;返回;

短语:1. return sth. to sb. 带回或送回某物。

2. return a favor 回报

3. return to 返回

4. Many happy returns! 祝你长寿!

5. return blow for blow 以牙还牙

6. return thanks 答谢

review v. & n.复习;温习

rice n.米;稻

rich adj. 富的;有钱的be rich in 富含盛产the rich 有钱人富人

ride (rode, ridden) v&n. 骑车;骑;乘

短语:1.give sb a ride 让某人搭便车

2.take sb for a ride 欺骗或诈骗某人

3.go for a ride 兜风

riddle n..谜语;短语:1. the answer to a riddle 谜底e.g.Who knows the answer to the riddle? 谁知道谜底?

2. read a riddle 猜谜

right n. & adj. 公正的;正确的:

短语:1. all right 同意,赞同

2. do the right thing 做得好

3. right away 立刻,马上

4. right here 就在这里

5.right now 就在现在

7. in the right 有里

ring (rang, rung) v. & n. 响;打电话;戒指短语:1.ring (up) sb 2.give sb a ring

rise (rose, risen) v.升起;长出;e.g.The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

risk n.危险;风险短语:1.at the risk of doing sth 冒可能做某事的危险

river n河;江

road n.路;行车道短语:1.by road robot n.机器人;自动机

。

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